The bedbug, an undesirable
Have you seen bed bugs in your home? They are sometimes also called bed bugs. They are starting to invade your home and you don't know where to start? A bed bug infestation can become very complicated if you don't act quickly. Discover in this file a set of answers and natural products that will allow you to best fight against this invasive insect.
Latin name : Cimex lectularius
Order : Heteroptera
Family : Cimicidae
Adult size : 5 à 8 mm
Location : any habitat
Périod : all year round
Its flattened shape (1 to 2 mm) allows it to infiltrate almost everywhere (narrow cracks, mattress seams, back of baseboards, etc.).
The bedbug is one of the insects commonly called biting-sucking. Indeed, its mouth apparatus allows it to pierce your skin to suck your blood! It feeds at night, mainly on human blood.
She cannot easily climb on metal or polished surfaces, let alone fly or jump. Bed bugs are crawling, wingless insects. If you see an insect flying that looks like it, it's not a bed bug but its cousin, the wood bug, which is much larger and totally harmless.
What you need to know about bed bugs
- There are three stages in the development cycle of bed bugs: egg - nymph - adult. The nymph stage has several stages.
- Like most insects, reproduction normally takes place in the spring, but heating can alter this natural cycle.
- A male can mate with one or more females several times a day.
- A female is capable of laying 2 to 5 eggs per day for 6 months if the conditions are favorable (temperature and food).
- White in color, the eggs measure approximately 1 mm.
- Egg hatching takes place after 1-3 weeks after laying. This duration depends on the ambient temperature: the hotter it is, the more the cycle speeds up, the colder it is, the more it slows down.
- The nymph is morphologically identical to the adult but smaller.
- The nymph needs blood to grow. It becomes an adult after 2 to 4 weeks.
- The adult can survive up to 6 months without food and even up to a year if the temperature is low.
- Depending on the temperature, a bed bug can bite you 1 to 3 times a week to feed.
- A bed bug's meal lasts 10 to 15 minutes.
The bed bug and the temperature
Bedbugs are sensitive to temperature :
- It can only develop above 13°C.
- Their survival time is about 20 minutes at 65°C.
- Their survival time is about 5 days at -7°C and 2 days at -18°C.
- Below 9°C, the bug no longer feeds, its growth is arrested and it goes into hibernation.
- The adult bed bug can survive for a year without food if the temperature is > 9°C and < 13°C.
A miniature vampire !
Normally the bed bug is a nocturnal insect that attacks humans (or other warm-blooded animals) when they are inactive (thus often during sleep), but a hungry female can bite during the day.
Even if you can't see it, you can detect bedbugs by spotting traces of blood and feces on your sheets.
How do bed bugs find their host to feed on ?
Bed bugs locate their hosts using a very specialized recognition system, called chemoreceptors, located on the antennae. These chemoreceptors are sensitive to different parameters:
- Perception of heat
- Infrared radiation
- Day/night vision
- Chemo-olfactory (perception of specific molecules and smells)
And more precisely, a bug finds its host by detecting an emission of water vapour, sometimes a current of air alerts the insect of a presence.
Specific data (osmolarity, salinity, chemical composition) confirm to “biting suckers” such as bed bugs that they are indeed sucking blood and that they can therefore feed themselves. The accuracy of sensory perception is related to the number of chemoreceptors. The bed bug that lives close to its host has few antennal receptors (less than 50, compared to a mosquito or a fly which can have up to 5000). These also serve the needs of sexuality.
Bedbugs' favorite haunts
In general, the bed bug preferably occupies the bedroom but it can very well in the absence of food, visit other rooms of the house. Do not expect to see them in the middle of the day (unless there are a large number of them), they are nocturnal insects.
It will take some thinking and looking for where a particularly small and flat insect can hide.
Adults can walk around your house. The female, in general, lays close to the male, so that the nymph can feed quickly without traveling for miles.
It is likely that if you turn on the light in the middle of the night, you will see some. But you have to be very quick, because as soon as you disturb the bed bug, it goes to its hiding place.
They are found everywhere in the world, in all places of life and whatever the climate: hotel, bed and breakfast, hospitals, retirement homes, nursery, school, dormitory are the possible places of contamination. Home and hotel infestations have been on the rise for the past few years. It is also common to be able to take it home simply by having taken public transport, such as the metro, tram or bus. They travel in users' bags (backpack, handbag, sports) without them even noticing.
What does a bedbug bite look like ?
The bed bug is not considered to be a vector of disease but these bites can cause a whitish and hard edema with the possibility of local inflammation.
Bedbug bites are often painless at the time of the bite. They inject both an anticoagulant and an anesthetic. This is why it is very rare for a person to wake up when bedbugs are feeding. But 1 to 2 hours later appear itching and red marks on the skin like a mosquito bite.
And as for the mosquito, the reaction is due to the saliva which contains an anesthetic in order to reduce the pain of the bite. And as for the mosquito, not all people are bitten and it is even possible to be bitten without being aware of it (about 10% of people).
There are usually 3 to 5 bites, often aligned in rows of onions or grouped in the same place on the skin, characteristic of bed bugs. The bites are usually located on the uncovered parts of the arms, legs and back. In the majority of cases, bedbug bites do not cause serious problems.
Following bites, we usually see small lesions appear, sometimes small reddish blisters that will heal in a few weeks. Although rare, simple stings can cause giant urticaria, sometimes hemorrhagic bullous eruptions and papular urticaria in some people.
The skin reaction depends on the sensitivity of the individual :
- Some people don't even know they've been bitten and won't see a bite.
- For some, the bites disappear after a few hours or even days without treatment.
- For others, they are manifested by a more or less localized allergic reaction, with quite painful itchy bright red blisters that can develop into a generalized reaction. It is always better not to scratch so as not to over-infect the lesions.
Bed bug bites disappear naturally within ten days and do not require special care. Clean your skin and try not to scratch to avoid infection.
If you suffer from persistent itching, consult your doctor who can prescribe a cream to relieve you.
The bed bug in 10 unusual facts
1 - Fossils of bed bugs have been found in Egyptian tombs dating back 3500 years.
2 - Males can have up to 200 sexual acts per day.
3 - Females can lay up to 500 eggs in their lifetime.
4 - It takes 3 months for a bed bug to become an adult in an ambient temperature of 18°, and only 3 weeks at 30°.
5 - Below 13°, bed bugs hibernate and thus extend their lifespan.
6 - Bed bugs can survive up to 18 months without feeding.
7 - Bedbugs need 10 minutes to suck blood, they bite 10 times a night and digest for 10 days.
8 - The bean leaf is a natural enemy of the bedbug, which gets trapped in the pimples of the leaf.
9 - Bed bug droppings give off a sweet smell.
10 - This smell gave rise to the idea of training dogs to detect them.
source : S.A.S Brunel - Kapo©
Biological data of the bed bug
Blood meal time
Time between 2 blood meals (very variable, up to 2 years)
Life expectancy of an adult
Total number of eggs laid by an adult female
Spawning rhythm of an adult female
Life cycle time (from egg to egg)
Laying time after fertilization
Egg hatching time
Time between 2 larval stages (obligatory blood meal)
Number of generations per year depending on conditions (temperature, humidity and number of meals)
|2 à 12 generations|
Average lifespan under favorable living conditions (at 18-25°C with regular feeding)
|9 à 18 months|
Source : Usinger (1966) ; Johnson (1941 et Delaunay et al. (2011)
The bed bug is a great traveler
Bedbugs can spread very quickly from one room to another or from one apartment to another.
No one is safe from this insect and it is very easy to bring it home without your knowledge. Just be in contact with an infested person (public place, public transport) and you are in a few weeks at the head of a bedbug farm.
The resurgence of bed bugs
In the 1950s, many apartments or buildings were colonized by bedbugs. It was very common to see colonies of bedbugs along the walls or on the blankets in the middle of the night.
Aware of the problem, the health services treated with the dreaded DDT, all the infested premises and thus eradicated this insect.
Subsequently, DDT, (thank you for our health and our environment), was banned, as was Lindane and many other insecticides more recently. But the bed bug had not completely disappeared from the surface of our planet.
It is therefore easy to understand that with the increase in air traffic and international travel, this fearsome insect has returned to most of the countries where it had been eradicated.
If in the 1950s, it was rather unsanitary housing that was affected by bedbugs, the phenomenon is no longer true in our time. Everyone is concerned and mainly those who travel a lot.
Bedbugs are very resistant
The power to resist cold, to survive without food and very fast travel by plane or train has allowed this insect to mutate and adapt to many common insecticides. So don't expect to easily destroy your bed bugs by using an insecticidal bomb or smoke bomb. This is the first reflex of people who have spotted it: they rush to the nearest supermarket or drugstore. Even companies specializing in the treatment do not guarantee the effectiveness of their intervention. Moreover, by using insecticides that are not sufficiently effective, you risk creating a resistance phenomenon for the survivors, making their destruction even more difficult.
Laboratory tests, carried out in the United States, Europe and Africa, show that today's bedbugs can survive levels of insecticide 1,000 times higher than the fatal dose needed just 10 years ago. year.
Entomologists at Ohio State University have published studies showing that bed bugs have elevated levels of enzymes they produce to rid their bodies of poison. When exposed to pesticides, they show an unusually high level of activity in genes capable of breaking down the toxic chemical into soluble derivatives that can be safely eliminated from the body.
In addition, the gene that controls the resistance of nerve cells targeted by the insecticide has undergone mutations that now allow the insect to survive. Finally, the insect has developed a thicker cuticle that can block insecticides. Therefore, repeated applications of the same pesticide operate a natural selection of the bed bug. Surviving insects pass on their resistance to their offspring, and to subsequent generations.
See full article on Express.live.
Bed bugs release histamine in the house
But what is histamine ?
Histamine is a molecule released by mast cells (cells of the immune system). It plays a role in allergy symptoms. This is why antihistamines are prescribed in case of hay fever or against the itching of hives.
According to a study by American researchers, house dust analyzed with and without the presence of bedbugs would have had very different levels of histamines. Histamine levels in infested dwellings were at least 20 times higher: 54.6 µg per 100 mg of dust, compared to less than 2.5 µg per 100 mg of dust in uninfested dwellings.
The risk ?
1 - Inspect the entire bedroom: mattress, seams, bed frame joints, electrical outlets and baseboards.
2 - Check for eggs: Look for eggs and eggshells. They measure about 1 mm in diameter and are pale yellow in color.
3 - Examine adjoining rooms: Inspect adjoining rooms for any signs of the presence of bedbugs (cube method).
4 - Look for stains: Look for dark or reddish stains on sheets and mattresses.
5 - Follow your nose: An unpleasant musty or musty smell can indicate an infestation.
6 - Communicate: For accommodation establishments (hotels, bed and breakfasts, youth hostels, etc.), make staff aware of the right things to do and how to deal with a complaint from a customer. For individuals, do not hesitate to get closer to your neighborhood to discuss with them the presence of bed bugs. It is imperative to form a united front against this scourge.
The canine detection method remains an excellent way to identify the presence of bed bugs in a home. While adults are easily spotted on light-colored sheets, their eggs (white in color) and nymphs (virtually colorless) are almost invisible. With each blood meal, the eggs hatch and the nymphs grow. These pests grow very quickly within a few weeks. If the problem is not treated immediately, the invasion is assured. Hiding in cracks, screw holes, under baseboards or behind light switch covers, bed bugs are expert at hiding. The dog against bedbugs is a real detector to find them using his flair. Thanks to its highly developed sense of smell (more than 220 million olfactory receptors in the nose), a well-trained dog can detect the presence of an infestation. It spots the scent given off by live adults as well as eggs, which might be missed on visual inspection.
Animals with a keen sense of smell and well trained in this exercise quickly locate the hot spots where the pests are, ensuring targeted and effective treatments. A canine inspection can also be used after a treatment to ensure that all parasites have been killed.
How to avoid a bedbug infestation ?
1 - When you travel, do not forget to inspect the bed of the lodge or hotel room for the presence of bed bugs. You would bring them home without realizing it.
2 - Be careful before bringing in used furniture and mattresses. Be sure to thoroughly inspect and clean these items before installing them in your home.
If you think you have been bitten by bedbugs: At home, wash your clothes immediately after removing the suitcase. Wash your suitcase, depending on its shape, in the washing machine, in the shower or in the bathtub.
To help you fight bed bugs
To fight the bed bug, it is important to know it well. Do not hesitate to read our chapters (see above) dedicated to its way of life and reproduction. This information will help you control this insect. You can also consult the following links:
Photos of some possible hiding places : bed bug hiding places
Pdf file to download : How to proceed to treat bed bugs
How to eliminate bed bugs ?
It is true that it is not easy to get rid of these undesirables, but rest assured, nothing is impossible.
To completely eliminate them, you will have to be very methodical and have the right products available. Small zoom on the main ones to have.
These protective covers are designed to fight against bed bugs. Completely sealed against insects, they will eliminate all entry or exit points. A great way to make them prisoners if you have them but also to prevent them from invading your bedding. Several sizes possible.
This insecticide composed of vegetable pyrethrum, a vegetable oil and a complex of essential oils has been specifically developed to destroy bed bugs at the very heart of your bedding. It will keep its destructive action for 15 days. Apply to the 5 priority areas of your bedroom: box spring, mattress, headboard, bedside tables and rugs. The 750 ml of product allow you to treat a complete bed and its surroundings. For slatted bases, remember to dismantle all the slats and treat the space in which they fit on the bed frame. It is a classic hiding place for bedbugs that we often forget to treat. For box springs, spray the product directly on the fabric of the box spring.
We offer it either in ready-to-use form (4J diluted to 10%), or in its concentrated form. The latter will allow you to treat larger areas. You can use a spray bottle for treatment or even better a garden type pressure sprayer. Unlike Alt'O Bed bugs, the 4J insecticide will be perfect for treating all the other surfaces of the room affected by the presence of bed bugs (floors, grooves, baseboards, etc.). Its persistence is shorter but offers a very effective contact action that will destroy the insect at all its stages of development from the moment you touch it.
Warning: The bedbug being a particularly resistant insect, you must use for the treatment a vaporizer or a sprayer set to micro-droplet or even jet for the treatment of cracks and fissures. The insect must not "breathe" the product but be wet by it
Note: To make 5 liters of 5% insecticide you need 250ml of 4J and to make 10% 500ml of concentrated 4J.
Because not all corners are always accessible (and are without any problem for the bug), this pressurized product allows the insecticide to be injected deeper into all the cracks, crevices, ...
One or the other. To be used mainly in ambient air treatment or in areas where our 4J insecticide cannot be used because of the presence of water. Attention, water being replaced by alcohol, these products are flammable.
All Insects Ecodoo can also be used in all closed volumes such as cupboards, wardrobes, bedside tables, ... Spray, close well and leave to act for at least 1 hour. But where this insecticide will serve you the most is to treat your clothes that do not go through the washing machine at 60°C. The idea is to put your textiles in garbage bags, to spray this product inside for about 10 seconds and to close the assembly well to make it as airtight as possible. Wait at least 48 hours before reopening the assembly.
PFor treatment of dead-end areas or areas where liquids cannot be used. The powder is interesting since it can be used preventively and curatively. The diatom in aerosol form is very effective for being injected into the most inaccessible cracks.
With the help of our insecticides, you will be able to treat all the places likely to host bed bugs during the day. This is where your imagination is needed, the bed bug being very flat, it can infiltrate all the cracks and nooks of a few millimeters. We will therefore have to look wherever it can hide and systematically deal with all potential hiding places. Don't forget to examine your mattress, box spring, bed and pillows in detail. Do not hesitate to return them.
As you are likely to leave some, you can redo one or two treatments one week apart (hatching between 1 to 3 weeks).
Start with your bedding
1. Remove your sheets, blankets, duvets, pillows, ... and put everything in the washing machine at 60°C minimum for 1 hour.
Check the mattress from top to bottom (you can find eggs there). If you notice the slightest hole > 1 millimeter (ventilation, handles, tear, ...), you have three possibilities:
a - put it in the freezer (not the easiest way!)
b - throw it away (not very economical!)
c - treat it with insecticide and wrap it in a totally waterproof cover.
If there are no holes in your mattress, an insecticide spray will be sufficient. This will also kill the mites.
After the mattress, take care of the box spring. If it is covered with a fabric, you must remove it. If it is slatted, process each support. For box springs, you must completely treat the interior.
Finally, check and treat the bed (legs, box spring support, etc.). Feel free to return it or even take it apart.
We offer protective covers allowing you to completely insulate your box springs, mattresses or pillows. Do not neglect these covers, they can be extremely useful to you in the fight against bedbugs.
Tackle the Rest of the Room
2. Now check and deal with the environment near the bed: bedside table, bedside lamp, power outlet, wall light. Expand your inspection to the whole room: wardrobe, closet, baseboards, torn wallpaper, frames, parquet or paneling grooves, cracks. The list is not exhaustive because it depends on the configuration of the room, its contents and the materials used. Do not hesitate to treat with the appropriate product all the places or corners that may contain bed bugs or eggs.
Note: while waiting to treat the whole room, you can, if your bed is perfectly "disinfected", isolate it by moving it away from the wall and putting each foot in a container filled with insecticidal powder (diatomaceous earth).
N.B: The ideal is to plan 2 treatments approximately 8-10 days apart. The first treatment will kill most of the bugs and larvae. The second is to eradicate the remaining bugs that have hatched in the meantime and which were not affected by the insecticide in the first treatment. Some environments are more complicated than others to deal with because they contain many hiding places for this insect. Our advice is to renew the treatments at regular intervals to continue to weaken them. With each treatment, you reduce the number of bugs, until they are no longer numerous enough and able to reproduce.
3. Depending on the invasion, it may be necessary to wash your curtains, the contents of your cupboards, chests of drawers, cupboards and wardrobes. Wash everything that can be washed at 60°C minimum. For items that cannot be washed at 60°C, you have 2 solutions: the dry cleaners or a well-sealed garbage bag in which you put the items in question and spray Ecodoo insecticide bomb (leave to act for at least 48 hours). The action will be double: first a saturation of insecticide inside the bag and an asphyxiation of the insect by lack of air.
4. Finally, after having closed all the openings, you can spray in the ambient air either Ecodoo insecticide or Aries flying insecticide. Close the door tightly and let the product act for at least 15 minutes (several hours if possible) before ventilating your room.
5. And to be sure to put the odds on your side, you can complete your treatment with fumigation. For this, the Habitat fogger is ideal. It is an automatic insecticide diffuser composed of active ingredients of plant origin (pyrethrum + geraniol), intended for basic treatment of the habitat. Very volatile, the solution is deposited in the smallest recesses where parasites and insects lodge. Immediate and prolonged action, up to 4 months. 3 different formats exist: 75ml for a treatment of less than 15m², 150ml, for a treatment of less than 30 m². Finally, 250ml, for a treatment larger than 30m².
6. After having carried out your treatment and to be perfectly confident that you are completely rid of them, consider setting up our bed bug traps. These traps can be used preventively because they will neutralize egg-carrying bedbugs, but also as a cure for all bedbugs entering the trap. They will be attracted by a very attractive seal to be placed in the center of the trap, then they will stick to the surface based on glue inside. From the moment they stick to the sticky surface, it is impossible for them to get out. They die like this. These bed bug traps are the ideal solutions to detect and control if the bed bug is present in your home.
Bed bugs and essential oils
Essential oils can also help you in your fight against bedbugs. Some essential oils concentrate very powerful active ingredients that will repel them. But don't expect to eliminate them entirely. Bed bugs remain resistant and a treatment based solely on essential oils will rarely be enough. It is for this reason that our 4J insecticide contains it, but the main substance for elimination remains plant pyrethrum.
However, essential oils can be used in different ways against bed bugs. Applied to the body to soothe bites and repel them. In atmospheric diffusion to weaken and disrupt their neurological system. And of course by spraying directly on clothes, sheets or bedding.
Focus on essential oils effective against bed bugs :
The Tea tree has excellent antiparasitic properties. These main molecules (terpinen-4-ol and alpha terpineol) will alter cell membranes and intracellular constituents of bedbugs. Lavandin contains significant amounts of linalool. This allows it to be a powerful parasiticide. For clove, it is the Eugenol it contains that will give this synergy good results against bed bugs. Finally, eucalyptus citriodora notably contains citronella which, like eugenol, will reinforce the insect-repellent properties of the mixture.
Here is the recipe that we suggest you make yourself :
In spray :
Essential oil tea tree (60 drops)
Essential oil Super lavandin (20 drops)
Essential oil clove (20 drops)
Essential oil eucalyptus citriodora (40 drops)
Mix these essential oils with 200 ml of tap water in a small spray bottle. Apply this mixture by spraying on mattresses (especially at the seams), box spring, surfaces around your bedding, floor grooves, behind skirting boards, etc. Find this anti-bed bug synergy in our primer on essential oil treatments.
The bed bug on the Compostela paths
For many years, we have received calls from lodges located on the way to Compostela. They are faced with infestations of bed bugs, probably carried by pilgrims. A single person can very quickly "contaminate" dozens of lodges and hundreds of people. In 2009, following a real infestation, many partners decided to set up an information campaign entitled "I don't walk with bedbugs".
For this to work, it is necessary that all the hosts but also all the hosted do what is necessary not to spread the bed bug. The stakes are high because, if for the host it may mean the temporary closure of his establishment, for the person being hosted, it may mean many bites which are not always very pleasant!
As a natural insecticide, there is now only one authorized active ingredient: pyrethrum, extracted from the chrysanthemum flower.
To be really effective on bed bugs, an insecticide must have a minimum pyrethrum concentration of 1.2%, such as our 10% 4J insecticide (2.5% pyrethrum) or All Insects Pistal (1.4% pyrethrum). This information is now mandatory on the label. Associated with this insecticide, you need an "auxiliary" which can be potassium (the case of the 4J insecticide) or paraffin (the case of the Pistal). Avoid harsh products like PBO, which is not at all natural and very controversial.
Pyrethrum can have a repellent action for 24 hours, but its insecticidal action lasts only a few moments and acts as a neurotoxin. This is the counterpart of natural products: they are rapidly biodegradable! See the good side: having no persistence, you can reinvest your place of life more quickly and above all, you will not pollute your interior with toxic and persistent substances, harmful for all the members of your family.
For pilgrims, we recommend :
- Two solutions :
- the simplest and most practical is to take our ready-to-use insecticide diluted at 10% 125ml or 250ml special travel.
- otherwise you can also take 125ml of this same product but in its concentrated form and prepare a spray bottle (10% dilution). You can take the rest of the concentrated insecticide with you to prepare again during your trip. Every evening, spray a small dose, mainly in your luggage and your bedding (repellent action of pyrethrum). Put your daily clothes away for the night in a totally waterproof plastic bag.
- In the morning, 2 scenarios :
- you have not been bitten during the night: carry out the same operation every evening.
- you have been stung: turn your down and carry out the complete treatment of all sides (insecticidal action of pyrethrum). It may also be necessary to check and process your baggage.
- At the end of your stay and before returning home :
- treat on both sides of your down.
- completely empty your luggage, check all your clothes, process your entire bag (feel free to return it). It is better to waste 1 hour and be sure that you will not bring bedbugs home, rather than spending weeks having to eliminate them at home!
The bedbug in lodges, hotels, bed and breakfasts ...
Given the resurgence of bed bugs in many establishments in France or abroad (and without falling into psychosis), it may be useful to take certain precautions so as not to bring these charming little beasts home. It will be useful to bring 125ml ou 250ml spécial travel spray in your suitcase and as body protection for the night (the same as for mosquitoes) either our Skin spray ou notre Anti-insect Skin Roller : body insect repellent.
Open your bed and check your sheets. If in doubt, treat your entire bed. Treating your bed with 10% 4J Insecticide will not kill bedbugs in the mattress or box spring, but the repellent action of pyrethrum will prevent them from coming on you at night. Some of our customers have tried it with great results. But be careful, it must be done every night, the lifespan of pyrethrum being short.
Do not leave clothes lying around mainly on the bed or near it (nightgown, dressing gown). Hang them in a closet.
In case of serious doubt, it is preferable that all your belongings are stored permanently in your suitcase, which will always be tightly closed.
If you weren't bitten during the night, chances are your room doesn't contain bed bugs. Otherwise, it is possible that they have contaminated your belongings, your open suitcase, ... You will therefore have to carefully check all of your belongings.
The Ecodoo aerosol is a solution to treat all of your belongings and your suitcase. Attention, think about it if you take the plane: It is about an aerosol. It will not be allowed in the cabin.If you think you are carrying bedbugs (you or your luggage), you absolutely must avoid bringing them home.
- Take off all the clothes you're wearing and put everything in a trash bag. After spraying Ecodoo insecticide inside this bag, close it well so that it is as airtight as possible. Leave 48 hours before reopening the assembly.
- Proceed in the same way for all of your luggage. Remember to also treat your empty luggage.
- As a precaution, you can transfer all the clothes in the garbage bags directly to the washing machine (cycle 60°C minimum).
- All fragile fabrics can be soaked for a few hours in a basin of water to which you have added 4J insecticide (minimum concentration 2%, or approximately 125ml of 4J for 5 liters of water).
- For non-washable clothes, pressing is a solution.
Complementary products against bedbugs
Below, the complementary products that can be used as part of a treatment against bed bugs.
The steam cleaner against the bed bug
As we explained, it is always interesting to use several methods against bedbugs. Each, used alone is often not enough. The dry steam cleaner method can be a great way to supplement your bed bug insecticide treatment.
Dry steam or saturated steam cleaners make it possible to clean, degrease and disinfect in a minimum of time. They are very effective on all supports withstanding heat and humidity: textiles, tiles, mechanical parts, stainless steel, plastic, painted surfaces, ... and they also have the advantage of being completely ecological!
Some customers have reported to us that they have used a steam cleaner in their fight against bed bugs. The feedback is mixed. Some have found it effective, others have had major problems with humidity and condensation. It is likely that the performance of the device makes all the difference. It is obvious that between an entry-level model and a top-of-the-range one, there is a big difference in price, but also in performance. The top-of-the-range model guarantees you a maximum steam of 150°C under a maximum pressure of 5 bars. Before investing, take the time to find out, but the steam device remains a treatment solution not to be overlooked in the face of bed bugs.
In order, you will need :
1 - Do a good job of cleaning this in order to clear the space to eliminate the hiding places. The vacuum cleaner will be very useful to remove from your carpets, furniture, box springs, mattresses, etc., a maximum of dust and detritus that may hinder the treatment.
2 - Switch on your steamer then methodically attack each space. You can help yourself with some tips that are often supplied with the device. The ideal nozzle for eliminating bed bugs is the triangular tool wrapped in a microfiber cloth. The most important thing will be to work gently, to ensure that the steam has time to heat the surface and penetrate deeply. Clean the rooms from top to bottom, starting with the curtains and the tops of the furniture, then ending with the floor. Adjust the pressure level to low or medium to avoid pushing bed bugs deeper into the mattress instead of killing them.
Slowly steam all six sides of the mattress and repeat as needed to ensure steam has been applied everywhere.
3 - Once the steamer has been used, let all the surfaces dry. Wrap the freshly steam-cleaned mattress, box spring, and other furniture in tear-resistant plastic for two weeks to ensure you kill all living organisms. Examine furniture for any remaining feces, skin, or bed bugs. If after a week you see signs of bed bugs, you can repeat the process.
N.B : Alternating the use of a steam cleaner and our natural insecticide can be a very good practice. However, be careful not to use both at the same time. The pyrethrum in the insecticide would not withstand the heat of a steam cleaner and would be destroyed very quickly. Also, do not have fun putting insecticide in the steam cleaner with the water!! It would have the same effect (ineffective insecticide!!)
An experience... a hassle !
With the kind authorization of Mrs. M., you will find attached the various letters that she sent to us during the progress of her fight against the worst pests that can be encountered in the house: the bedbug. We believe that this lived experience can help you in the fight against Cimex Lectularius.
- Letter n°1 (beginning of winter):
We are progressing in our fight against the bed bug, I may have found the solution for cats and the car. It's being tested. If this proves conclusive, I will communicate the information to you.
- Letter n°2, two months later (winter):
- n addition to daily mechanical struggles (vacuuming, washing bedding at 80°, washing clothes for 3 hours at 60°, etc.), the treatment protocol that we apply in residential areas seems to be working (fumigator every week Dobol (cypermethrin ) and almost daily application of an Eco-active insecticide). However, we have to wait for all the eggs to hatch to declare victory and the question is: how many are there?
- We decided to heat as much as possible to accelerate their maturation. The products were out of stock so we had to wait for delivery.
- Concerning cars, the problem is very far from being resolved, despite mechanical control, fumigator every week and liquid insecticide treatment (containing 5 different molecules) on a daily basis for the whole car, complete cleaning by a professional at 70°..., I made the decision to take her for some air and drop her off for 15 days in the mountains (in the Alps of Haute Provence, remains permanently below 0 and goes down between -11 and -9° at the moment ), the bed bug resisting 5 days at -7°, I dare to hope that 15 days will be sufficient. Afterwards, if it doesn't work, only the fire will remain... that's what a company specializing in the cleaning and disinsection of boats does to treat the cabins of the boats affected and 3/4 of the companies concerning the treatment hotels, in addition to treatments classified as "seveso".
- I have also just bought a chest freezer, in which I will pass everything that can fit in it (the cimex resist 3 days at -18°).
- Regarding the cat, the dermatologist from the Alfort veterinary school finally sent me "Advantage cat over 4 kg", to be applied every 3 weeks. According to his research, it would be the most effective on bed bugs (broader spectrum than stronghold small dog).
- I treated the cat on the day of an overall apartment treatment, 13 days ago. The results are better than anything I've tried so far. Impossible for me to tell you if he is still a carrier or not.
- In addition to all this, I made him take homeopathy since yesterday, ordered in a Swiss laboratory since in France it is no longer authorized: Cimex Lectularius in 9ch in granules, 2 gr in the morning, 2 gr in the evening for a week, then 2g in the morning for a week 2g once a week until complete assurance of the resolution of the problem.
- Usefulness ? : This would prevent bed bugs from biting the animal (same for humans at the rate of 3g instead of 2).
- This would be a good means of prevention when you travel, when you take questionable public transport, or sleep at the hotel.
So I'm in the testing phase, I'll keep you posted.
I was thinking that when I come back with a healthy car, I might make another great anti-lice shampoo with essential oils for the cat and take it to the cattery if I think that the treatment has eliminated the risk that he is a carrier. It would still be less traumatic than mowing it completely under anesthesia...
- Letter n°3, six months later (early summer):
Do you remember my problem? I am based in the 06 and I brought back bedbugs from a trip I made on the Compostela paths and on the train going from Irun to Nice last August.
The species we have is permethrin resistant.
- The cold treatment of the car (deposited in the mountains this winter at -11°) was effective, but I left it there for 5 months!
- treating the cat via Advantage prevents it from being bitten.
- fumigators D or P (cypermethine) contained the problem during the winter, but did not eradicate it
- the chemical treatments applied by us and by a professional company have not eradicated the problem either (organochlorines, organophosphates, pyretrinoids).
- Treating fabrics at 80° (washing machine) or cold (-20°) in a chest freezer is effective.
Here we are in the hot season and therefore faced with the resurgence of bites.
We want to resume biological treatment because it is the most effective with mechanical actions (vacuuming...).
You just have to specify (if you wish, of course) in your description sheet that when you discover the problem, you have to deal with the WHOLE apartment at once (or in the two days that follow), by dismantling all the furniture and repeating the treatment every 8 days, 3 weeks in a row in order to eradicate the eggs and the adults, then one treatment per month for three months.
I found corpses in the hinges of the kitchen cabinets (I didn't heat it all winter, they went to settle around the water heater). I dismantled the doors in order to plug the holes which are below and above (when they paint them they make a hole above and one below to dry them). Ditto for a glass door, I blocked the wooden braces (they had settled between the wood and the glass). They also hid in the trunk of the window blinds (exposed to the sun). In short, you have to dismantle EVERYTHING otherwise they always find a place (what intelligence all the same!).
- Letter n°4, a week later :
Organochlorine or organophosphate insecticides effectively kill adults and nymphs, when they are in massive quantities. But you have to reapply it every week and in large quantities, which is not easy in a place of residence, a kitchen, a bathroom (places where heat and humidity create undesirable fumes for the health). So there are specimens that survive. We've all been told by professional companies that bedbugs take hours to die after going over these residual products, where a thick-shelled insect takes "only" minutes to die. As I have a cat in the place I treat and these insecticides kill the cats (they put their paws on them wet (coming from outside after passing through a damp area or having just licked themselves) or wet (rain) and lick each other...), so I did not put these products in large quantities on the ground, with a few exceptions. I know another person who is also affected. She had her home treated by a pro (she doesn't have a cat) and the results are no better! Moreover, after each passage, the apartment is soaked from floor to ceiling and she cannot return to the premises until three days later! Finally, I think that my neighbors can have them too and it could be that the cats take them to us from one apartment to another, unless they have passed through the ducts of the sockets and other vases of communication between the apartments. I told them about it but no one said they were bitten, the subject is "sensitive". We have never seen our mattresses attacked in this way, the mattresses have been under plastic from the start. I saw dead nymphs on the walls after gassing and the bedding after going to 80°, some molting shells, empty eggshells and a dead adult too. The constant vacuuming of everything helps to ensure that there are very few traces of their existence and that we are not infested. Just a few more undesirable tenants but we know that if there is a female and a male left, we will be in trouble again!
This is what a moving bed bug looks like
Bed Bug Frequently Asked Questions
R : Considering their resistances, plan at least 5%. 10% being the one we now recommend against bed bugs.
R : See our 4J insecticide concentrate to be diluted 10% with water.
R : Fleas or possibly bed bugs, which are becoming more and more common, even in large hotels. We have a special travel product against bedbugs, the treatment of the bed must be renewed every evening. Be careful not to bring it home, it's a real nightmare afterwards.
R : Our product is effective but it mainly depends on the resistance of the bedbugs. Thanks to mutations, some species are particularly resistant to insecticides. But our latest laboratory tests show the effectiveness of a treatment using our 4J insecticide
R : Light green... Looks more like a wood bug. This type of bug does not bite. If it is a bed bug and it has felt itchy, it can apply our anti-bite product (anti-insect skin spray lotion) and especially treat the room where it was bitten.
R : The products we market do not pose any health problems. On the other hand, it will be necessary to use them correctly and above all to respect the precautions for use written on the bottles.
R : Have you read our special file on bed bugs? We invite you to read it. You will find many answers there. Do not hesitate to contact us if you have any other questions.
R : Electrical or electronic equipment does not like receiving water too much (95% water in the insecticide product). We do have the "creeping insecticide" powder (or diatomaceous earth) which can, in certain cases, be used, but avoid putting it in devices with a fan. Otherwise, hot air (>60°C) will give good results.
R : Most likely it's bed bugs. It is practically the only insects that only bite at night in bed. Beware of smoke products, they will destroy some individuals (adults only and depending on the molecules used in the product) but what is certain is that they will not destroy bed bug eggs. This requires the use of a contact insecticide such as our 4J insecticide.
R : When bedbugs take up residence in your home, it is very difficult to get rid of them. Difficult does not mean impossible! Our natural products work very well and are safe for babies and pregnant women (as long as the precautions for use are respected).
R : I invite you to read our complete file on this insect. I think you will find most of your answers there. Do not hesitate to come back to us if you have other questions.
R : Our complete bed bug file will give you many answers. Do not hesitate to come back to us if you have any other questions.
R : For the car, you will need to treat several times with our Ecodoo insecticide bomb. For implementation details, do not hesitate to consult our special file on bed bugs or contact us.
R : Our insecticide is only sold in France. So you won't find it at home. We ship our products to many countries and regularly to Canada.
R : Caussade smoke bombs and pyrethrum bombs: smoke bombs must be accompanied by an effective liquid treatment, pyrethrum alone is not sufficient Where can you find effective products with expert advice in Caen? : There, sorry, no idea! How do we make an estimate and how much does the intervention of a company cost (the number of interventions, etc.)? : the cost is very variable, it will depend on each company (it can range from 1 to 5), but also on the surface to be treated, on the number of interventions to be planned. Get closer to your town hall so that it gives you the addresses of professionals.
R : I think it's the bedbug. I invite you to read our complete file on this insect. I think you will find most of your answers there. Do not hesitate to come back to us if you have other questions.
R : See our special bed bug file. I think you will find the essential.
R : No, and I don't think it exists.
R : Our complete file on bed bugs will give you many answers and will direct you to the right products to fight against this insect. The first instinct of people is to go to their pharmacy, or their local shop to buy a smoke bomb. Unfortunately, these products purchased in supermarkets are ineffective, expensive and not sufficient for a total eradication of bedbugs. Do not hesitate to come back to us if you have any other questions.
R : In your case, our Ecodoo aerosol will be the most appropriate. It contains pyrethrum but has the advantage of being mixed with alcohol. Which makes it more volatile and more efficient for closed volumes such as boxes. Plus, unlike our 4J insecticide, it doesn't contain water. This will therefore do less damage to your boxes.
R : Bedbugs can hide anywhere as long as there is a hole and no light. So to answer your question, bedbugs can take refuge in leather chairs.
R : Our insecticide kills insects affected by the product very quickly. A thumbtack can go through a 1mm hole.
R : I have clients who have found bed bugs in closets among clothing. This means that your students may themselves carry bedbugs; This is also how they spread so quickly in France by public transport. Our insecticide also destroys the eggs if they are touched by the product. Check the beds especially carefully (hollow legs, slat supports, etc.), these are ideal and very common hiding places.
R : Without even knowing it, most of the time, it is you who bring them into the house (your purse, backpack, the clothes you are wearing, the suitcase back from vacation, etc.). Once installed, they can spread very quickly from one room to another or from one apartment to another, through all the cracks, pipe passages, under doors, garbage chutes; anywhere you have a small hole even a small one. It is imperative to treat quickly before they spread.
R : There is no particular season for the bed bug that lives in houses. They reproduce all year round at a rate of 200 eggs per female, hatching occurring 3 weeks later (which is not the case for other species which generally live outside and have wintering cycles).
R : Of course, night treatment can be done, but you will only touch adults on outings! You will have neither the eggs nor the larvae. For the bug, as for the flea or the red louse, it is necessary to proceed by a systematic treatment of all the places which can be a hiding place. In general, bed bugs come from the bed, mattress, box spring, foot, .. Insulate your bed as indicated. If you're bitten, they're in the bed.
R : Our special bed bug file will tell you which products are targeted against this insect. There is not just one product. The combination of several of our products will allow you to get rid of these insects. Do not hesitate to contact us if you have any questions.
R : 4J insecticide is indeed the right product against bed bugs. This insecticide can be applied to a mattress without any problem. The 10% concentration can on the other hand leave some traces due to the potassium soap (perfectly washable). The persistence of 4J is low, which allows you to reinvest the places treated in the afternoon if the treatment was done in the morning. Remember to ventilate during and after the treatment to ventilate the smell. Plan 2 to 3 treatments at 10 day intervals.
R : It's not easy to get rid of these little beasts (it would be known!). It is necessary to plan at least 2 to 3 treatments at 10-day intervals and on the condition of treating thoroughly as we explain in our special file on bed bugs. We precisely indicate the protocol to follow to get rid of bed bugs.
R : The longer you wait to treat, the harder it is to get rid of it. Without questioning the pharmacists, I am not that they have all the skills required against the treatment of insects. Professionals and specialists in the sector are already tearing their hair out! I invite you to read our complete file on bed bugs. You will find a large number of answers there. If you have any further questions, do not hesitate to come back to us.
R : Our special bed bug file will give you many answers. I think you will find the essentials. Do not hesitate to come back to us if you have any other questions.
R : The room can be reinvested a few hours after the treatment. Wait for the smell of pyrethrum to disperse.
R : Don't look for bed bugs, unless you have a real infestation, it will be very difficult for you to see them since they are nocturnal insects. When you want to completely eradicate this insect, you don't deal only with the visible bugs (that would be too simple!), you systematically deal with all the cracks, holes, nooks without asking questions, which allows you to put all the chances on your side to also affect the larvae and the eggs (future generations to come). You will find the protocol we offer in our special bed bug file. Avoid smoke bombs, they are not efficient enough and will not destroy the eggs. In addition, they pollute habitats in a lasting way and will affect your health and that of those around you. Do not hesitate to contact us if you have any further questions.
R : If you want to deal with it yourself, we invite you to read all the information contained in our special bedbug file. You will find a large number of answers and the appropriate products to fight against this insect. The operation is not easy when the places are occupied and cluttered with many objects. Maybe in your case, you will need to approach a specialized company. The problem is that they are used to working with their own products which are terribly toxic and which require all of the treated parts to be evacuated. See with them if they agree to work with our natural products.
R : We have created a version of our ready-to-use insecticide in small format, ideal for travel and for hikers: a 125ml and 250ml spray 4d 10%, No law prohibits reselling a product, the problem gets complicated if you want to resell it with your own label.
R : Diatomaceous earth gives good results but can only be effective if the insect comes into physical contact with it; therefore put in places where the powder is not likely to be removed. Use of the insecticide 4 days at 5% minimum, see 10% if resistant. Pistal Aries Insecticide (now called All Bugs) is very effective at killing eggs in nooks, crevices and hard-to-reach spaces. Treatment to be repeated once a week for 3 to 4 weeks.
R : You have on this page the 4J insecticide at 10% either in 125ml or 250ml "special travel" or in 500ml. These products are not under pressure. They are therefore authorized to travel in the hold
R : We put diatomaceous earth in places where the powder will remain. On a sofa, it's not very practical, unless you don't use it anymore! The bed bug is a difficult insect to eradicate, it takes time and method. It is for this reason that we have created a special bed bug file. I think your answers are in those documents. If not, please do not hesitate to contact us.
R : See our special bed bug file. I think you will find the essential. Do not hesitate to contact us if this is not the case.
R : This reminds me of a letter from a client that we put on the "Une Experience... une Galère" website. I think your answers are in this passage. You should not lock yourself into one technique but use several; insecticide, vacuum cleaner, cold, or heat for clothes. The dry steam cleaner is also a tool used in the USA. If it's a "normal" strain of bed bugs, the 5% 4J insecticide should be fine, but if it's a resistant strain like this client, the concentration will have to be increased to 10%. Aries pistal (now called All Bugs) with 1.4% pyrethrum and paraffin also works great in cracks and crevices. If your parquet is really very disjointed, it will have to be treated with an "insecticide spray" as explained for the parquet chip (see our file). Avoid smoke bombs which are not very effective but which pollute significantly.
R : From what you are describing to me, there is little risk that bedbugs have followed you. But, they are very resistant and rather cunning insects when it comes to finding hiding places to be closer to their food (in this case us). You seem to have inspected the smallest nooks, cracks and interstices likely to lodge them. You have cleaned your laundry several times. You put airtight covers on pillows and mattresses. Your new room is a priori not affected by bed bugs. Bedbug eggs are most often located either in floor grooves or in the box spring or mattress. I'm not sure they had time to leave eggs in your shoes or coat, especially if they weren't in the contaminated room. Apart from hot washes at 60°C, cold (like the freezer) gives very good results. Store for at least 48 hours to be sure to destroy any eggs.
R : You can treat the mattresses with diatomaceous earth but it will not be so easy to implement. Be careful also, if you use this method to vacuum the whole thing a few hours after the treatment and in particular not to lie down directly on diatomaceous earth. This remains silica particles which, due to their properties, can cause allergic reactions and irritate the skin. The 4J remains the most appropriate product for the treatment of pillows, mattresses, box springs. In fact, it does not stain, but can leave, especially when used at a 10% dilution (as is your case to treat bed bugs) a film of potassium soap which gives an effect asphyxiating to the product. It is non-toxic and washes out easily. It's still soap!