The dog's tick, a mammal parasite !
Tick is a small insect found everywhere in europe. ticks feed on the blood of the animals on which they are fixed, and will only make three meals during their life! they can settle in larva or houses, and thus be a source of permanent contamination. tick is carrier of several diseases, the most known of which is lyme disease. So you have to be very vigilant that your animal or yourself are not a victim of it. Find in this folder a set of natural responses and products that will allow you to fight this insect at best.
Latin name: Ixodes ricinus
Family : ixolidés
Size: 4 to 12 mm
Location: all habitats
Period: all year
What you need to know about the tick
Tick is a hematophagus acarien, that is to say she drowns in blood.
Its size is about 4 mm, but after a good blood meal it can exceed 10 mm, making it the largest representatives of the order of the mites. before arriving on the dog, the tick will parasitize many vertebrates such as lizards, birds and all wild or domestic mammals.
You or your dog can bring this insect back on a walk or simply going to your garden. Attention, the tick can transmit very dangerous diseases such as lyme disease (transmitted by ixodes ricinus,) piroplasm, babesia or human butting fever (sud of the france - transmitted by rhipicephalus sanguineus).
No one is immune to ticks because their habitats depend on species. There are those that are dependent on the moisture found in forest, peri-forester or wooded environments and those that are suitable for dry or even desert climates.
During the quest phases, the tick waits for a host to cling to it. depending on whether ticks are exophiles or endophiles, you will find them on herbal strands, grass, ferns, etc. or even the ground, on the nests and burrows or cave crevasses. adults can climb up to 1.5m. On the other hand, unlike what some think, ticks don't go up in trees !
Tick can survive between -20°C (female adult) and +41°C. It also needs a high humidity level: 80-85%.
Life cycle of the tick
Ticks feed exclusively on the blood of the animals on which they are fixed, and will only make three meals during their life !
The life of a hard tick consists of three stages of development: larva, nymph and adult. At each stage, the tick takes a single blood meal, on a different host each time. each stage is separated by a metamorphosis phase, which takes place in the soil or in a terrier.
The blood meal lasts from 2 to 15 days following the species and the stage (larva, nymph or female adult). The adult male does not feed. the most important blood meal is that of the adult female, for it precedes fertilization and deck; the female ixodes ricinus can grow 200 times when it is stained with blood. ticks can live up to 3 years.
Here's how it goes :
Adult females lay on the ground. their eggs hatch, liberating larvae resembling miniature ticks.
Larvae climb up the plants and wait for the passage of a host on which they will cling. larvae are fixed on the skin and take a single meal of blood, then stall, fall back on the ground where they turn into nymphs.
Nymphs in turn rise on plants to partake a new host. Once they have blood, they fall on the ground and pass to the adult stage.
Finally, adults (males and females) reproduce the same pattern: ambush at the top of a stem, single blood meal on a new host and return to the ground. then the females, fertilized by the males, lay their eggs.
To complete their life cycle, ticks need moderate humidity and heat. They are able to expect favourable climate conditions for several months or even several years. Therefore, tick infestations are seasonal, especially in northern europe where risks are more present in spring and autumn. south, the seasonality of infestations is less marked.
How does the tick spot her host to feed ?
The tick identifies its hosts with a highly specialized recognition system, known as choirs, located on the legs (and not in antennae as is often the case in in insects). tick has no visual perception. it turns to its hosts, stimulated by their odor. temperature sensitivity does not intervene because it also stings cold blood animals (serpents, lizards, orvets, etc.).
Ticks transmit about thirty pathogens, some of which are of interest to us causing diseases in our dogs, as well as in humans. ticks are among the most important vectors of disease in the planet. reversed by mosquitoes, ticks are in long contact (2 to 15 days) with diversified hosts by which they will ensure the diffusion of pathogens. Thus, the germs circulate from a vertebrate host population to ticks that will transmit them to other vertebrate hosts. the exceptional longevity of the tick (up to 3 years) in fact both a good vector and an excellent reservoir.
Tick is a vector for 4 diseases
- the Piroplasmose or Bahbiosis (all france)
- the Lyme disease or Borréliosis (all france)
- THEEhrlichiose canine (noon of the france)
- THEHepatozoonose canine (South-East of france): rare parasitic disease in france, contracted by ingestion of a tick.
Tick encephalitis is a pathology that affects mainly man, rare cases of infection have been reported in the dog, but most of these previous reports have proved to be wrong. (in French)
The great danger is the piroplasmosis
Babésia canis is the pathogen of babésiosis, or piroplasmosis, a disease that can prove fatal.
Tick is infected by taking blood on an infected animal and will pass the parasite and disease by stabbing a healthy dog. two ticks are vectors of this serious disease: dermacentor reticulatus and rhipicephalus bloodeus.
3 - Protect yourself: it is advisable to wear clear clothes that cover the skin to locate ticks more easily, and to wear closed up shoes to prevent ticks from attaching to the skin. on a walk, stay on the trails by taking care to avoid places that can be inhabited by ticks. in the gardens it is possible to limit their proliferation by cutting razed grass and removing dead leaves, larvae refuge.
4 - carefully inspect your body after the walk (especially the scalp in children) and if you discover ticks, use the crochet tick twister, then disinfected.
How to protect your pets from ticks ?
1 - treat the baskets or niches of your pets with our insecticide all insects 4j diluted to 5% (500ml vapo for 5 m2).
2 - You can protect your pets with various repellents: before an exit in high herbs, protect your dog on time with our Stop chips and tick insect repellent foam, Our Stop chips and ticks as a lotion, our dry shampoo insect repellent or our insect repellent Alt'o zinsect formulated or spray, either in gel.
3 - check their coat regularly and carefully, especially after a walk outside to check that no ticks are attached to it (attention to sensitive areas, such as eyelids, behind the ears, scalp ... sometimes it is necessary to carry out a touch control, with larvae and nymphs being difficult to see). Avoid sleeping with your animals.
If you find a tick, don't shoot on it, because the head will stay attached to the animal. we advise you to remove it with our tick twister, specially designed for this use, then disinfect. not to be shot violently or horizontally, but perpendicular to the skin, in the axis of the jaws of the insect. Finally, if your pet has itching following their extraction, first make sure to properly disinfect, then you can apply our soothing lotion and deodorizing stop gratte Based on natural plant extracts.
Our other effective products against ticks
Fair to questions about tick
Q: Can you tell me if your zeropuce cat product is effective against ticks ?
R: According to the manufacturer, this product is effective against a large number of parasites. laboratory tests showed high efficiency against the chip and tick.
Q: I've just been given two rabbits that are pretty big (3 to 4 pounds) and never lived outside. I would like to leave them in my garden and look for a non-defying product to remove chips and ticks. I also have three kids playing with these rabbits.
R: Take an anti-puce or a dog collar. we have on sale on our shop in the category "protection of pets. ".
Q: My farm is infested with ticks. What do you want me to use? I've got about forty dogs more puppies. I own a home with a store for the resale of accessories and hygiene products.
R: Concerning premises, enclosures or buildings, you can deal with our 4j insecticide. This will treat both ticks but also all other insects like chips. concerning dogs, we have various products: necklaces, pipettes, shampoo or sprayers (Alt'o zinsect spray).
Q: Hello, I own a bitch (who waits for the little ones) and two pussy. My animals circulate freely in our garden. I think we have a family of hedgehogs that attract the curiosity of our animals and that are carrying many parasites. My bitch brings me ticks every day although she's treated with combo frontline. Our bitch sometimes sleeps on our bed and I've already discovered two ticks on our bed. what to do to deal with this problem without endangering the future puppies of my bitch ?
R: Effectively, the hedgehog has a thick coat and a bare skin between the pricks that attract chips and ticks. sometimes they are so many that they lead to the death of a weakened or old hedgehog, pumping his blood. on the other hand I thought the combo frontline was a preventive but also curative product on ticks, with a minimum protection of a month. This type of product is not repulsive but insecticide, which means that insects die only when they have stabbed the animal. it is possible that the ticks you find are dead. dog or cat collars that are marketed are intended to protect our pets from ticks and chips. small advice, be careful to ensure that animals do not access the bedrooms. If they are carrying chips or ticks, it will inevitably bring you back into these pieces.
Q: We ordered insecticide to treat some parts of a garden to eradicate ticks. we plan to treat the parts on the passage of a dog and along a wooded land. for this operation, you can tell us the recommended dilution volume.
R: For ticks, a dilution of our insecticide 4j to 3% should be sufficient. preferably on well-toned areas and in the evening (fresh and shade).
Q: We are looking for a repulsive against ticks for ourselves and our pets, non-toxic because for daily applications in a tick-infested place! (1 to 4 ticks per week hung on us).
R: For animals, the anti-puce products we sell are effective. you will find our insect repellent alt'o zinsect spray, ae formula combining 3 recognized active ingredients (eucalyptus citriodora, vegetable pyrethre and géraniol), extremely effective to keep pest bugs remotely.For you, use our anti-insect body lotion instead. It is composed of eucalyptus citriodora added to a vegetable oil for a better skin application.
Q: Which effective product for ticks on a 14 kilo dog? My beast has had piroplasmosis in recent days (he is 9 years old) despite the essential oils used so-called anti ticks; frankly now I'm very scared, before every exit I put a lot of it on all the hair (granium-nem lavender etc). What do you advise me to do ?
R: The product that seems most effective to us remains, given its composition, our insect repellent alt'o zinsect spray, but we have never tested it personally on the tick.