The soap of marseille
For more than 800 years, the city of Marseille is the birthplace of natural soap production based on olive oil. In the 20th century, the city already has several soap factories, produced from the oil extracted from olives harvested in Provence and natural soda from plants of the salins of camargue. its specific climate is also conducive to the drying of soaps, by its heat and wind, the famous mistral. Marseille soap then enjoys a strong reputation, which has still not disappeared to date.
Crescas davin will in 1371 be the first official soapmaker of the city. the first industrial factories appear in the xvth and will quickly export to Europe and the Mediterranean basin, benefiting from the geographic opening of the city and its historical port activity. Marseille soap is then marketed as green bars of 5 kg or more. the marseille soap will take his letters of nobility from the 19th century.
The town of marseille has 7 soaps in 1660. To accompany the development of this industry, louis xiv decided, by a decree of his minister colbert in 1688, to regulate the manufacture of soap and its constituents. "We cannot use the soap factory, with the barrel, soda or ash, of any fat, butter or other materials; but only pure olive oils, and without a mixture of fat, under penalty of forfeiture of the goods." and to guarantee an optimal level of quality, the production must be interrupted during the 3 months of summer, due to the large heats. At the beginning of the 19th century, production can just satisfy the demand of the city and its surroundings. under colbert, the quality of Marseille productions is such that marseille soap becomes a common name. In 1789, nicolas leblanc developed a process to manufacture a superior quality soda.
The number of Marseille soaps is 62. napoleon, sensitive to the benefits of the traditional marsh soap, adopts on 22 December 1812 a decree defining a particular mark for the now soap bricks, "with a pentagon in the middle of which these words will be written: olive oil, and, thereafter the name of the manufacturer and the soap of the city of Marcheille." the text ended with a warning: "any particular established in a city other than that of Marche "
At the beginning of the 19th century, the Marseillaise soap industry, now denouncing 90 soap factories, enjoyed a tremendous prosperity before undergoing a first slowdown during the 1st World War. the decisions of the Court of Appeal of Axis in Provence in 1927 and the Court of Cassation in 1928 redefine the soap of marseille as a product exclusively made of vegetable oil, in a proportion of 72% minium. production recovered in the post-war period, reaching 120,000 tons in 1938, thanks in particular to the mechanization programmes. After a new decline in activity during the 2nd World War, the Marseille soap industry is undergoing a strong decline, hit by competition from synthetic detergents.
Since the 1980s, Marseille soap has undergone a real revival, in response to the needs of naturality and authenticity of an ever greater number of consumers. and even if there are only 4 soaps still in operation in Marseille today, demand remains strong. consumers rediscover the virtues of this natural and biodegradable product, alternative to products derived from the chemical and oil industries.
The first marseille soap was made from an emulsion of oil and soda obtained by incineration of soda plants (salicorn and kali). with the evolution of industrial chemistry, the soda was subsequently obtained by an attack of the marine salt by sulphuric acid (proceded by the white), and finally by the manufacture of soda to ammonia (proceded solvay).
For technical reasons, olive oil was replaced mainly by peanut oil.
The (real) Marseille soap contains no coloring, no additives, no perfume and no preservatives. If on the label you observe something other than vegetable oils, smoke the product! the true Marseille bread naturally dyes with the vegetable oil it contains.
The white marseille soap is made from palm oil and coprah (extracted from coconut). Coprah oil is used to bring a better foaming power to Marseille soap without adding a chemical foaming agent. White Marseille soap is the most often used for linen. its neutral color makes it easy to use when removing tasks on the linen. it can also be chosen to make a "house" laundry.
The green marsh soap owes its color to its high concentration of olive oil. More specifically, it is olive oil, i.e. the residue (of the pulp and the nuclei) of the first cold pressure of the olives. The first pressure gives the oil used in the kitchen, the second, the olive cranes oil, darker. Green marsh soap is traditionally used for hygiene, beauty, laundry and home maintenance. You can also make your dishes liquid yourself with the green marsh soap (unlike the white made of palm oil that might freeze the dishes liquid).
The cream-colored marsh soap is also used with olive oil, but it may be less concentrated or cut to peanut oil.
Fourteen days are necessary for the manufacture of the true Marseille soap. the "mareillais process" or cooking says "high heat":
Etape 1: saponification or "grazing"
It is the transformation of vegetable oils into soap, under the action of soda and heat, in a large boiler. In a boiler, oils or fatty acids are successively charged under moderate heating and soda laundry; the whole is boiled and the mass turns into emulsion.
Etape 2: The enlargement
As soap is insoluble in salt water, this operation consists of adding marine salt to the bottom of the boiler the excess soda laundry. So the soap will separate from part of the water it contains. The soap dough is washed several times in salt water to eliminate the remaining soda.
Etape 3: Cooking
Soap cooked for 10 days at a temperature of 120°C, under the supervision of the soap master. This operation characterizes saponification and allows the complete transformation of vegetable oils into soap.
Etape 4: Liquidation
This operation allows for the transition of the crystalline soap structure to its smooth phase by adding water. Several clean water washs allow to obtain an extra pure soap, rid of any impurity. The whole of these steps is called “Cook”. Determining and delicate phase, it requires all the attention of the soap master.
The casting of the soap
It's Step 5, called "the cuite casting"
The soap dough is then poured, still hot (between 50 and 70 °C), into the “misses”, gigantic mussels, thanks to a wooden articulated channel called “goulotte”.
Knowledge of ingredients and steps is not enough; only the secret of a know-how, transmitted from generation to generation, can guarantee the success of the soap.
Despite a specific manufacturing process, the Marseille soap does not have a controlled name, thus allowing many drifts.
The drying of the soap
Etape 6: drying: the soap dries for forty-eight hours in the open air. per day of mistral, windows exposed to the north are open, thus reducing drying time.
Etape 7:Once dry, the soap is cut into the loaves of 35 kg, using a knife pulled by a winch. the breads are in turn cut into a machine to make blocks of different sizes.
Etape 8: the moulding: there are two types of marking: hand-marked for bars, or machine moulded for the cube. the latter is stamped on the six sides, a sign of recognition of the traditional “savon de Marseille”.
Internationally renowned, the soap de marseille the corvette we sell at penn'ty Bio, is an authentic soap and made in accordance with tradition. Each soap is made from a fat body and olive oil. based on ingredients of natural origin, it does not present any coloring, fragrance, curative or synthetic adjuvant. Since 1894 it has been made of soap making from midday to Marcheille, according to the traditional boiler cooking process, in order to perpetuate authentic and artisanal know-how.
But currently unprotected, the name “mareille soap” can be applied to any type of soap, regardless of its geographical origin, manufacturing mode and composition. Concerned about protecting the traditional marsh soap, four historical soap factories of Bouches-du-Rhône, including the soap factory of the noon, decided to join in 2011 by creating the Union of Soap Professionals of Marseille (upsm). Its purpose is to promote and defend the traditional marsh soap. for this purpose, this private association has filed a collective mark that guarantees constant quality, respecting a specific specifications:
- its geographical origin: it must be manufactured in Marseille or in its region, a historic soap making basin of Marseille.
- its manufacturing process: it must be cooked in a boiler for about 7 to 10 days, according to the five stages of traditional saponification called the "Proceed marseillais" and scrupulously followed by the soapmaker.
- its composition: marseille soap must be composed of vegetable oils exclusively (no animal fat like "sodium tallowate" for example that is beef fat). It is without fragrance, without coloring, without curative, without additive. It therefore includes only 4 to 5 maximum ingredients: sodium olivate (saponified olive oil,) sodium cocoate ( coprah oil,) sodium palmate (palm oil,) aqua (water,) sodium chloride (sel,) sodium hydroxide (soude).
In 2016, the UPSM decided to submit a file with the INPI (National Institute of Industrial Property) so that the Marseille soap is recognized by an igpia (Geographical indication for industrial and artisanal products) and thus appears in the list of manufactured products soon labeled by public authorities. Marseille soap was the first industrial and artisanal specialty to blossom this recognition because the law is recent and its last implementing decree was officially published on March 10, 2016. Along with the UPSM, the soap factory at noon is therefore very involved in the defense of the heritage values of the marseille soap and guarantees to these customers the respect of the UPSM charter.
Why do we record 72% of oil ?
In 1906, the French chemist merklen, who owned soapmaking in the region, fixed the percentage of vegetable oil in the marseille soaps to 72%, supplemented by soda and water.
He participates in a bill on the suppression of fraud in the soap trade. In 1928, the Court of Appeal of Aix-en-Provence confirmed this composition of the Marseille soap to defend the reputation of the Marseille soap and fight against counterfeiting.
In brief: this is the guarantee of a minimum vegetable fat content of 72% in the total composition of the soap.
This mythical soap with multiple virtues is fully part of the new trends of consumption with its values of naturality and authenticity. it is the most ecological and healthy alternative to industrial chemicals. Multi-use, the Marseille soap is perfectly suited to the maintenance of the linen and the house. It is perfect to clean up all areas of the house. overview of tips and tricks based on marseille soap.
Dishes:Marseille soap is very convenient to wash its dishes. rub your sponge on the marseille soap and then dry the dishes. otherwise, make your own dishes liquid: boil 80 cl of water with 50 grams of marseille soap shavings while mixing. Cut the fire as soon as the water comes to a boil. continue to mix until the soap is completely dissolved. Then remove fire and, while mixing, add 1 tablespoon of black soap, 2 tablespoons of white alcohol vinegar, 1 tablespoon of baking soda and finally 1 tablespoon of soda crystals. Let cool and pour into a container. Tip: If the water in your city is very limestone, you can put a little more white vinegar. This recipe of dish liquid is used as a commercial dish product. use the real Marseille soap 72% of vegetable oil, without dye, without fragrance, without olive-based glycerin. white, based on palm oil, may freeze the dish liquid.
Walls, ceilings: Nothing like marseille soap to wash and degrease walls and ceilings. dilute a handful of soap shavings in a hot water bucket. levers using a sponge broom and rinse with clear water.
Iron: Regularly clean the iron sole that has become dirty or yellow by rubbing a piece of dry soap when the sole is slightly warm. wipe with a dry soft cloth or a newspaper paper ball to make the surface shine.
Mattress: To keep a fresh and clean mattress, you simply need to pass a humidified toilet glove with marseille soap on the surfaces to be cleaned. Then iron a glove with clean water to rinse and let dry all day long.
Sprouts, planting materials: Hypoallergenic, marsh soap is ideal for the maintenance of puericulture materials such as stroller. Wash the dehoussable covers in machine with a laundry of marseille soap shavings. for non-removable covers, with a humidified soap sponge. for fragrant and tenacious stains, rub with soap and a bit of soda bicarbonate, let act for a few hours to take off dirt and rinse. well let dry in the open air.
Shoes: Rub your shoes with a soft brush (a vial toothbrush or a small brush) imbibed with cold water and marseille soap, and let it dry in the open air without rinsing (by putting fried paper in the sneakers). Mareille soap cleaning is best for leather shoes or sneakers.
Brushes, makeup sponges: Regular washing will allow them to get rid of dust and makeup residues that have accumulated over time. delicately soap the brushes without over crushing them so as not to break the hair (the ideal is to turn around with the brushes on the soap cube of Marcheille). renew the washing until the water is clear. dry them with a dry cloth, then turn them back to the bottom so that the brushes resume their initial shape.
MAINTENANCE OF LINEN
Traditional recipe: Dilute a handle or 20g of shavings in 1l of hot water and stir until getting a gel, the laundry is ready for use. has kept in an appropriate bottle, and shake well before each use.
Detachment for baby clothes: Detachment before washing or laundry for your cabbage tip, marsh soap shavings are perfect for your baby's skin. thanks to their hypoallergenic and detachment formulation, they are especially recommended for cleaning the linen of babies and delicate linen. by dissolving shavings in very hot water, this product is used to make its own laundry. It is a natural and effective alternative to all synthetic laundry. The detaching tip before washing: i take a couple of marsh soap shavings that I rub on my baby's cheated bodies, pants and t-shirt.
To remove the halos:To erase the traces of halos on your clothes nothing simpler. moisten the garment and rub your cube on the ureole. Soak the garment for 20 minutes in very cold water.
Against butter or fat spots: Apply extra pure marseille soap shavings on your task. Allow 10 to 15 minutes (a few hours if the spot is old) so that the soap can absorb the fat. Then rub the stain and rinse with cold water. Then pass your machine garment on your normal cycle. Our little advice: do not use hot water that will fix the spot in the heart of the fibers of your clothes !
Recipe for stubborn stains: Dilute 100g of shavings in 2l of hot water, add 1 cup of baking soda and 1⁄2 cup of white vinegar. let cool and stir well before use.
Stubborn spots: Generally, rub with humidified soap dry spots, collars and shirt handles before washing machine or hand. for more coriac stains, proceed in the same way but let act a few hours before washing.
Leather sofa : Induce a toilet glove or a humidified and well-drinked cloth with marseille soap and then slightly massage the leather with circular gestures. dry with a clean linen. This cleaning will bring flexibility and durability to the leather.
Wooden terrace : Regularly remove the terrace of mold, impurities and pollution accumulated for months by removing it with a brush broom, a hot water basin and a handful of diluted soap shavings. This simple and efficient cleaning will allow you to better maintain your terrace in time.
Multi-purpose spray:Sprinkle your olive marsh soap. In a salad bowl, add 2 tablespoons of marseille soap, 100 ml of boiling water, 1 tablespoons of baking soda. mix until the soap is dissolved then let cool. then pour it into a spray bottle.
Home or garden tools:Broom, brush, mower, rake, planter... plastic, metal and wood tools like Marseille soap.
For the maintenance of plastics:Wet a sponge or a microfiber towel. Put on marseille soap. wash the plastic parts of the tools or accessories (gassing machine, trash...). Rinse and wipe with a dry towel.
For metal maintenance:Wet a sponge or a brush. Put on marseille soap. wash the metal parts of the tools. Rinse and wipe the metal with a dry towel.
For wood maintenance:Wet a sponge or a brush. Put on marseille soap. wash the wooden handles of the tools. Rinse and wipe the wood with a dry towel. Marseille soap helps soften the rough look of the wood.
Against aphids:Instead of using pesticides to get rid of aphids in your garden, Marseille soap represents an interesting ecological alternative. Dilue 2 tablespoons of finely grated marseille soap shavings in a sprayer and mix. spray your natural anti-pucerons directly on your plants, preferably at the beginning or end of the day. with this insecticide your plants and the environment will say thank you! Renew if necessary, but in general, 2 to 3 treatments will be sufficient. a safe, ecological, economic and fast solution that really works.
To remove the mites from the clothes:Inside and outside of the wardrobe or your closets or drawers, the marseille soap can protect and remove the mites from your clothes. For this, slip the Marseille soap into the drawers or in your pockets of clothes, in your clothes batteries, between the sheets...: the natural and so special smell of the marseille soap helps to repulsively remove the dress mites.
Remove the buoy: To fight against the buoy of your mirrors, glasses... simply pass a small piece of marseille soap on the surfaces and wipe with a clean cloth. renew this trick every month.
Erase the trace of a hem: To remove the traces of a hem, rub marseille soap on the surface, put a piece of silk paper and iron with a hot iron.
Unlock a zipper: To decorate your zipper, use a piece of marsh soap and rub the snaps of the closure.
Unlike conventional shower and bath products, the Marseille soap is entirely made from natural products. it is a product obtained from the transformation, under the effect of heat, of a mixture of vegetable oils with caustic soda. it contains neither preservatives, nor dyes, nor animal fats, nor any product from petrochemicals, but only vegetable oils. A hypoallergenic formula based on exclusively vegetable oils recommended to limit the risks of allergies and thus often vanished by health professionals. With a double cleansing and purifying effect, the Marseille soap helps to partially eliminate the potential pathogenic flora while protecting and softening the skin.
Daily toilet : Marseille soap is vegetable and does not damage sensitive skin. you can use it regularly and rinse yourself with clear water. It is a natural, soft and hypoallergenic product. Marseille soap is highly recommended for oily and acneic skins. it can be used to thoroughly clean the skin and regulate the sebum. Moreover, it is possible to wash the whole body with the soap of the marseille. people with sensitive skin can also use it for daily toilets.
For shaving:The traditional manufacturing technique allows to keep the hydrating glycerin that is generated during saponification (couldron cooking). Marseille soap does not dry the skin, thus becomes indispensable in the bathroom, used by women to wax and men to shave.
For men: Moisten the skin with clear and warm water. mouillez votre blaireau et frottez le cube de savon de marseille vert à l’huile d’olive in order to obtain a creamy foam. Place creamy foam on the skin by gently passing your badger on your beard. then go to the manual shaving stage according to your habit. eliminate the foam by rinsing with clear and fresh water. Rinse immediately to prevent skin from drying. wipe your face with a clean towel, choosing a soft material in cotton or sponge. the skin is healthy and naturally clean. The skin is clean.
For women:Moisten the skin with clear and warm water. moisten your green marsh soap and rub it directly on the part of the body to spic until you get a creamy foam. then go to the manual shaving stage according to your habit. eliminate the foam by rinsing immediately with clear and fresh water to prevent the skin from drying. wipe your skin with a clean towel, choosing a soft material in cotton or sponge. the skin is healthy and naturally clean. The skin is clean.
To wash superficial wounds:The green marseille soap with olive oil allows to clean the small external wounds with softness. Until the second half of the 20th century the surgeons used the Marseille soap to wash and purify their hands before operating.
To soothe insect bites: The marseille soap will allow to soothe the skin after a bite of insects or spiders. From the first sensation of stitching, wet the green marsh soap and rub it directly on the bite of mosquito or insect. massage until the pain disappears. Let the soap dry on the skin. Then you can rinse the skin.
Hair protection: The green marseille soap is also used on the hair in replacement of the shampoo. If you have fatty hair or are subject (te) to seborrheic dermites, the marseille soap can be very effective. it will make hair shine dull and will help the tired to regain vigor.
Hair care mask: For shiny and silky hair nothing better than a natural mask with marseille soap. I melt the equivalent of 2 tablespoons of marseille soap. the microwave or the bath. I reserve. I add the same amount of fresh almond oil, olive and wheat germ (2 tablespoons). Then I add an egg yolk and I mix strongly (in the whip in the ideal). Once your shampoo is rinsed, wipe your hair well. apply your preparation on the lengths of your hair (avoiding roots). Leave for 30 minutes and rinse.
Tooth care:Some people wash their teeth with marsh soap. being antiseptic and healing, it purifies the mouth, prevents the formation of caries and tartar, while stimulating gums. Be careful not to swallow it! Brush your toothbrush and rub very slightly on the green marsh soap as if you put toothpaste on the brush (it's better to add a little if it doesn't foam enough on the teeth). Brush your teeth and rinse them with clear and cold water. After each wash, we advise you to clean the toothbrush well with the green marsh soap before drying your toothbrush with open air. also to clean your dental device, carefully brushing it with marseille soap.
Presented in liquid or solid form, the Marseille soap will find its place in all your home: bathroom, laundry, kitchen, toilet, ... in liquid form, the pump bottles allow you a precise dosage of the soap, without waste, without dirt and without it slipping into your hands! composed of coconut oil, palm oil and fragrant with essential oils, this soap is labeled nature and progress.
For the maintenance of all your surfaces, products Lerutan marseille liquid soap is the universal multi-purpose cleaner for washing linen, soils, workplanes, etc.
In solid form, presented in cube, the genuine marseille soaps authentic corvette are made in marseille according to the traditional cooking process with boilers. a true quality gage for this soap repeatedly copied, but never equal. usable for body hygiene or maintenance product, for linen or house. You will also find him in the form of shavings. Incorporated in your home-made maintenance products, they are perfect for washing your linen gently or for cleaning all your surfaces, floors, dishes, etc... these real soaps from marseille its palm oil-free, without coloring, without fragrance or preservative.
Access the detailed sheets of our marseille soaps.