The clothes moth, parasite of wardrobes
When you put your clothes on, you saw the moths ? They begin to invade your closets and dressings and you don't know what to start with? an invasion of clothes moth can cause serious damage to your wardrobe if you do not act. Find in this folder a set of natural responses and products that will allow you to fight this insect at best.
Fight against the clothes moth
Latin name : tineola bisselliella
Order : Lepidoptera
Family : Tinnitides
Size : 1.2 to 1.5 cm
Location : all habitats
Period : all year
What you need to know about clothes moth
Like the food moth, clothes moth from hot countries, can only live in heated places with temperatures of about 25°C. it can withstand without problem a temperature of 35 °C and a total absence of moisture. feeding mainly of dry animal materials, the larva can attack fabrics, leather, feathers, furs, wool and occasionally dried flour or meat.
Females lay 100 to 200 eggs on a support that can feed future larvae, then die. larvae hatch about 2 weeks later and reach their adult sizes after 3 months. in good heating conditions, you can therefore have several generations per year. in unheated locations, this cycle can be reduced to a single generation that appears in July.
Female moth fly little, they tend to walk. It's mainly the male moth we see fly, and we'll try to eliminate.
But it's the larvae that cause the damage. they go, to feed and form their cocoon, to dig tunnels in the support where they were laid. Attention, at birth, the larva can, by its small size, pass through holes of the order of 1/100 mm. if your clothes are in covers, check if they are fully hermetic. as the moth does not like to be disturbed, it is mainly the unused textiles that are attacked.
Following the regions and climate conditions, we have a first flight of moths in May and a second usually lower in late summer (August/September).
Apart from the clothes moth, we can also find the moths of the carpets (trichophaga tapetzella) and the pelletry machine (tinea pellionella).
A - preventive
1. on shelves of cabinets or closets, a few moth-repellent bags (essential cedar oil disrupts their olfactory receptors).
2. hang on to the pendries pins a few moth-repellent protection diffuser Aries (the essential oil of lavender and margosa extract depart the moths) or moth-repellent hooks Ecomit brand ecolign (based on géraniol).
3. have in wardrobes and closets a few moths traps which will allow you, by catching male moth, to know the degree of infestation and to reduce the population by limiting reproduction.
4. only store very clean clothes (human smell attracts them) and treat pre-storage clothing with the moth-repellent spray.
5. Discover our Synergy Wardrobe of Yesteryear (composed of lavender, cedar wood and lemon). a few drops on the coat doors, slipped cotton balls in a wardrobe or drawer and you are protected nicely.
The products you need for preventive treatment against the clothes moths
Directly access the detailed product data sheets to prevent the clothes moth.
B - in curative and high infestations
1. Empty your wardrobes completely.
2. Treat with our insecticide 4j diluted to 5% the whole closet, without forgetting the slots and corners. predict 500 ml for 5 m2 of surface to be treated. for large surfaces to be treated, take our 4j concentrated dilue it to 5% in water. do not forget any space to increase your chances of eliminating both adult eggs and moths that might be there.
3. in the field of fumigation fogger habitat Will complete the contact treatment of 4j: plant-based insecticide (pyrethre + géraniol) for the background treatment of the habitat. very volatile, the solution is deposited in the smallest corners where pests and insects are located. immediate and prolonged action, up to 4 months. 3 different formats exist for this fogger: 75ml for treatment less than 15m2, 150ml, for treatment less than 30 m2. Finally, 250ml, for treatment greater than 30m2.
4. put, in various places in the closet, some bags moth-repellent clothing or moth-repellent protection diffuser Aries, or hooks Ecomit
5. put in each closet, one clothes moth trap
6. wash all wools and natural fabrics or treat with moth-repellent spray which can't be washed. Nota: Cold (40 °C) is also an extermination solution.
7. Put the stuff back in the closets.
8. once a week, you can process the volume of your closet either with the insecticide Ecodoo Either with flying insecticide Aries, products based on pyrethre and alcohol, which are volatile and do not moisten surfaces. Close the closet and let the insecticide act for several hours.
The products you need for curative treatment and in case of high infestations of clothes moth
Directly access the detailed product data sheets to curatively combat the clothes moth.
*pae: ready for employment
Many people contact us every year following an invasion of moths in their raw wool insulation. it seems that this problem is quite common and deserves to be addressed.
Wool is essentially composed of keratin, protein that is also found in hair, nails, feathers. and whose moths feed. in the absence of protection treatment, they do very big damage.
In theory, raw wool (not washed) is protected from insects by suint. In practice, this is not always true since many people have found moths only one year after the pose.
We found on le forum eco-bio this text by Jean-Pierre oliva, author of "environmental isolation" in the editions of living earth :
"I mentioned in this book that the raw sheep wool (not washed) was protected from the moths by the suint which acted as repulsive.
There are hundreds of self-construction homes isolated in this way that have not posed problems for decades. but as a result of this book, I was aware of some cases of serious infestations by the moths (sometimes compelled to redo the entire insulation).
I have no certain explanation for these attacks (nature and origin of wool, climatic conditions).? always is it that one cannot say that the suint is a lasting protection. In any case, all potential users of this material must be prevented.
It's a shame because the use of a local resource was very attractive.
It is also important to know that wools washed and processed with synthetic products have sometimes also been infested.
Has my knowledge, the only durable and effective anti-mitte treatment of washed wool is that based on boron salts. ".
see also the site Living earth
The problem will be different if your insulation is under the roof or under the roof. In the summer, the temperature behind the slate can become very important (from 50 to 60°C, or even more in full sun in some areas of france). few products resist these temperatures for several months.
Boron salts and moths
Boron derivatives are known mineral products for their flame retardant and fungicide properties. They therefore offer a really interesting alternative to chemical insecticides to treat wood against xylophageal insects. some wool-based insulation manufacturers use boron salts to allow effective and sustainable protection against moths. wool is soaked in a solution of boron salts so that fibres are evenly impregnated and at a sufficient concentration to ensure sustainable protection.
Boron salt or sodium tetraborate or borax (case: 1303-96-4) is not classified as insecticide. However, disodium tetraborate or boric acid (case: case 1330-43-4) is allowed as insecticide but only for the treatment of wood.
If you consult the product sheet on the website of the european Commission they are classified as toxic, R60 and R61 and this with a low concentration.
Moths repellent treatment for sheep's wool
Preventive measures Moth repellent : There are several solutions to treat sheep wool :
- the sulcofuron (mitin ff) case: 3567-25-7 (phrase risks 20/22-51/53) which inhibits the synthesis of the enzyme enabling them to digest kerat. nota: This product no longer appears in Appendix ii of biocides, it is possible that it is no longer authorized at least on this case.
- The konservan. Despite our research, we were unable to find the composition of this product but, above all, it would have as an active ingredient of the permithrine. of the family of pyrethrinoids, this insecticide away from light can have a very long but not unlimited remanence. Learn about the moth-repellent warranty when buying wool.
- Boron salts, by tremping, to ensure a uniform impregnation. (see above)
Curative Moth repellent:
Unfortunately there is little really effective solution. some of our customers have treated with our insecticide 4j spraying it directly into the wool from drilled holes in the partition (see at least 1xtrou / meter). according to their returns, they have achieved good results. but let's be realistic, to be quiet ... we'll have to repeat this operation regularly.
Treatment of a yurt against moths
We were contacted by a person with a yurt and whose wool (isolation) was infested with moths. we advised her to complete treatment of the walls with our insecticide 4j pure diluted to 5% (a bottle of 250ml of 4d concentrated in 5 liters of water to treat 50 m2)
A few months later, this person contacted us again to tell us about his experience and results.
1 - complete wool treatment then roll like a carpet and set aside for 3 months.
2 - complete yurt winding.
3 - observation of the total disappearance of the moths.
4 - finding a strong smell that persists.
Our opinion : We think it's a good idea to treat, then roll. This allows the product to keep its properties as long as possible. On the other hand, the duration of 3 months seems excessive.
It should not be forgotten that 5% concentration indicates 95% water and that it is never recommended to store natural materials and mainly wet wool, especially if it is hot. heat and humidity naturally lead to the development of bacteria and the risks of molds and fungi (the campers know that a wet tent must never be stored ... if it is made of cotton, in the next leaflet, it smells mold and tears!). We believe that a few days are largely sufficient to destroy the moths colony.
Frequently asked questions about the clothes moths
Q: Can I use insecticide 4j to spray my carpets and cupboards by repulsive against the clothes moth? otherwise, what do you advise me apart from the small moth-repellent bags that are too expensive (large house with lots of objects to protect) ?
R: You can but the 4j is more an insecticide than a repulsive. If there are, you will kill them, but the 4j is quickly biodegradable, its lifetime does not exceed one day. you can use moths traps, it will check the presence of moths and kill the males thus preventing reproduction.
Q: I realized in a room of an old house the insulation with 20 cm of raw sheep wool (not washed). The bet is placoplish. In June many moths came out of a catch. the surface of my 2 walls, about 20 m2. What moth-repellent treatment do you recommend? I can pierce the placoplish and infiltration.
R: We've already had clients who contacted us for this kind of problem. They solved the problem by injecting in holes made in the partition our insecticide 4j, at least 1 hole/m. it must be known that only one treatment may not be sufficient to fully solve the problem.
Q: Invaded by moths on the floor, having done great damage: holes in Lacoste t-shirts among other! and food moths in the kitchen! everything has been emptied, closets, washed linen, laying multiple cedar plates and it is worse; Fear that all the beautiful clothes are ruined and keep the whole dress! Can you recognize the cocoon? Thank you for answering me quickly because desperate.
R: For food moths, do not hesitate to consult our thematic dossier on this subject. Customers who followed this page are permanently rid of food moths. for the clothes moth, it is the same principle but it is more complicated in the sense that it is impossible to protect the clothes in waterproof boxes. for clothing that you cannot wash, you can treat your clothes with our insecticide Ecodoo or flying insecticide Aries based on pyrethra before putting them in tight plastic bags to kill larvae. you can, as for food moths install moth repellent pads clothing.
Q: That it is the effectiveness of the moths-repellent dress in bags ?
R: It is a product based on essential oils, the life is therefore based on temperature, 3 weeks on average.
Q: I want to isolate a comb with sheep wool. Moths, however, are a serious problem! treating wool with a dilute insecticide, could vaporization be a viable solution? what would be the effectiveness of your product? in temperature conditions below 0°, is the product still effective ?
R: We regularly have customers who contact us for moths in the insulation made of raw wool. our product does not have enough remanence to be used for long duration. most of the current insecticides do not exceed a few months of remanence (especially in summer where you can have important temperatures behind a roof). I'm not advising you this solution, but rather on the hemp side.
Q: I have at home a one-year-old child and a pregnant woman who can I use against the moths, which is not dangerous for these fragile occupants of my home ?
R: We have a special page on the moths on our site. all our products are safe under normal conditions of use.
Q: What can you advise me to eliminate moths in large quantities in an angelic house ?
R: You can first make a background treatment to the liquid insecticide then, to end, use moth-repellent granulated bags Penntybio. you will find all this on our website
Q: I'm an individual and I found there's moths in my house and I don't know what to do. I have already put out of the rooms (bedrooms) + in the cabinets of the balls to moths: nothing is done. in my rooms, the wall covering is half paper and fabric is that? I don't understand? Can you enlighten me on this ?
R: This is what can be said about the linen moths: development: the clothes moth has no furnace, so it is a useful criterion to differentiate the two species at the larval stage. On the other hand, if it does not build a stove, it leaves behind it a silky path as it advances. She can also weave silk tunnels where she will feed. In both cases, the female lays her eggs (40 to 50) on the seams of the tissue, in the dust clusters or on an animal body. They adhere to it and hatch after 4 to 10 days. Larval life lasts 30 to 40 days. In some cases, it can last only 8 days. The adult lives from 15 to 30 days. For a full life cycle, we must count between 6 to 12 months. habits: linen moths attack several fabrics, furs, pet food, powdered milk, naturalized animals, hair, hair, wools, carpets, sheets, etc. they have a preference for stained clothing. If the linen moths have the choice between a sugar-cleaned table cloth and a clean sweater for example, the decision will not be difficult to make for them. The moth don't like the light. So, if you see butterflies flying around light sources, make sure, they're not moths. repression: if the infestation is important, we recommend treatment with our 4j insecticide.
Q: We live near an old mill (10 m) and renovated our home by insulation with raw sheep wool. we notice a strong presence of moths, with larvae in wool. the surface concerned is about 40 m2 under comble. how can we act on a sustainable basis ?
R: Normally there is no connection between the flour mill (food moth) and your wool (clothes moth). your problem is the problem of many people who have isolated with raw wool and who are infested with moths, see our page put "raw wool insulation" clothes
Q: Can you tell me if there is no risk of using the following essential oils on a small cotton: lavender or lavender, lemon, rosemary or cedar as moths-repellent in the cabinets to protect the clothes and especially those of my children who are 3 and 6 years old ?
R: No danger of any child being able to touch cotton and lick his fingers. we will find on our site a mixture called "antan cabinet" and which is composed of lemon cedar lavender
Q: You propose to use insecticide 4j but this is a contact product. I wonder how this can make effect while the female and larvae are hiding in the least accessible kidneys? Is that really useful? Can clothes moth come from another place than cabinets? Do I see the living room from time to time? Do you have any other tips to come to an end? Will you advise me to do the treatment again? what is the difference between the two insecticides Ecodoo and all aries? Is the smoke necessary? with aerosols, isn't the action sufficient ?
R: As you specify, our insecticide is a contact insecticide. So it will only act from the moment when you get in touch with eggs, larvae and adult moths. potassium soap in the formula acts in particular asphyxiating (mechanical action) on eggs. This insecticide is to be applied in cabinet and closet interiors, and you're right, is to be targeted as a priority in angles, kidneys and small interstices ... all these spaces being potential hiding places for the egg-laying females. Clothing moths are so called because they mainly attack fabrics, leather, feathers, furs, wool ... so you can find them logically in your wardrobes or clothing closets, but also in other parts where textiles can be stored (buanderie, garage, attic, etc.). clothes worn less often are the first target of moths. They can thus settle quietly without being disturbed.
In your case, I advise you to make a treatment by being as methodical as possible.
1 - empty all cabinets and cupboards (do not forget the batteries of insulated clothing) and carry out a machine wash at 60°C for textiles that can and a treatment using our Ecodoo All insects for the rest (put the clothes in garbage bags in which you will bomb with the aerosol. close well to make the most hermetic possible. reopen the whole 24 hours after).
2 - treat the insides of closets, cabinets, etc. using our insecticide 4j 5%, not forgetting to insist in all corners and grooves. the aerosol All insects Aries can allow you to complete the internal processing of furniture. the fact that it is in the form of aerosol will allow to propel the product in more difficult places of access. Finally, our fogger habitat Biovétol will complement contact insecticides by fumigation.
3 - once everything is treated (furnishes + clothing) reinstall the whole and then, by prevention, spray textiles with our help moth-repellent spray, then place moth-repellent bags, in order to prevent news from moving in.
Finally, to answer your last questions: aerosol Ecodoo is added with alcohol, which makes it more volatile, and therefore more effective for the treatment of closed volumes (restee in suspension longer). for all insects Aries, it is formulated with paraffine for a strong asphyxiating effect on insect eggs. it also has a more directional jet that allows to reach hard access holes or cracks. if the aerosols target all insects (from egg to adult stage) the smoke will not be necessary. but we are never 100% guaranteed to be able to touch them all. the fumigen allows to increase its chances of all eliminating them by complementing the action of other products.
Q: I'd like to use insecticide 4 j on my wool stock that I'd put in hermetic boxes. I just read it's a contact insecticide. Obviously I couldn't touch all the surfaces of the pelotes and unfiled wool as they are thick 3-D balls, and the moths are inside. is what this product is always suitable and with what dilution, and for how long should I leave them locked? or will you advise me on another product? concerning the conservation of the 4j would be sufficient to store it in the s.d.b. without window, illuminated by a lamp only at our passage, or is the product likely to deteriorate? the ambient temperature is sufficient or is it imperative to reproduce in the fridge ?
R: Actually, the 4j is a contact insecticide. It will therefore be very effective to eliminate insects from the moment it is put in contact with the insect. you can be done methodically by treating the pelot surfaces with the 4j, then lock them in garbage bags in which you will take care to use aerosol Ecodoo (a few sprays are sufficient). so, the 4j + the Ecodoo will destroy moths both by insecticide absorption and asphyxia. close the bags well to make them the most hermetic possible and wait a minimum of 48 hours before reopening the whole.