Ravensare and Ravintsara,
2 different essential oils
We received an article by Olivier BEHRA (producer of essential oils in Madagascar). This article of several pages, written in English, scientifically illuminates the confusion that currently exists on the essential oil of Ravensare. After "distillation" of this document, we propose a synthesis.
You will find on our site essential oil of Ravintsara organic as well as many other quality oils but also essential oils for diffuser.
Two distinct plants
1 - Ravintsara or camphor (sheet) Nb = cinnamomum camphora
2 - Ravensare Nb= ravensara aromatica (sheet), the essential oil from the bark bears the name of Havozo
Origin of confusion between Ravintsara and ravensare
The camphor in Madagascar is commonly known as Ravintsara "good leaf". From there to turn into a ravensare, there was only one step!
Let's go further in confusion
Then why do you delight and not camphor? A priori, it would have been easier and that would have avoided confusion!
The reason is very simple, the essential oil extracted from the cinnamomum camphora leaves in Madagascar is very concentrated in 1.8-cineol but very poor in camphor compared to the oil from Asia (camphre ✱ 50%), which is generally known as HO or HO-SHO (or in French laurel of Japan).
Two essential oils with different chmotypes
- Ravintsara composed mainly of:
- 1.8-cineol ≥ 50%
- Ravensare composed mainly of:
The main difference is in the proportion in 1.8-cineol.
Another confusion exists
Between Ravensara aromatica and ravensara anisata, another confusion.
The Ravensara aromatica is an endemic plant of Madagascar commonly called havozo or havozo manitra meaning aromatic tree in Malagasy.
With a height of 30m and growing at an altitude of about 1000m, this tree is abundant in the wet forest of the centre of eastern Madagascar.
But this tree was, a priori, baptized twice in two different epochs. Once in 1782, under the name ravensara aromatica and another time in 1950 under the name ravensara anisata because of its aniseed fragrance.
Recent studies have confirmed that ravensara anisata and ravensara aromatica are the same plant. It was decided that the correct botanical name would be ravensara aromatica.
- The Ravintsara comes from the camphor (family) from Madagascar with as the cinnamomum camphora botanical name.
- The HO or HO-SHO comes from the camphor (family) from Asia with the name cinnamomum camphora.
- The Ravensare comes from Ravensara aromatica (sheet) from Madagascar with as botanical name Ravensara aromatica.
- Havozo comes from Ravensara aromatica (corce) from Madagascar with as botanical name Ravensara aromatica. (The manufacture of this essential oil being destructive of the tree, it is not recommended to use it)
- Ravensara anisata = Ravensara aromatica.
The olfactory test
1 - The Ravintsara, with its strong presence in 1.8 cineol, with a fresh and camphor smell.
2 - The Ravensare with a slightly aniseed and peppery smell.