Essential oils and perfume
Incense to perfume
The word perfume comes from the Latin per fumus (through smoke).
The incense, made up of embroidered spices, was the first form of perfume, the one offered to the gods.
The language of perfume is as ephemeral as the scent itself.
Perfumers and poets evoke music and colors to try to describe its effects, but it is certain that a perfume creates reactions that can remind you of many memories.
How do you perfume ?
Before composing your personal fragrance, you need to try several types and fragrance forces to see what is best for your skin.
A drop of essential oil lasts longer than the same oil in an alcoholic solution, but each oil at its optimal threshold.
Cologne water is only a more diluted solution of essential oils. It is made to be sprayed on the skin after the bath - before applying your fragrance.
The toilet water contains more essential oils than the cologne water and can replace the fragrance for those who prefer a light aroma.
Certain perfumes, narcissus, tubery, violet or civette, for example, can cause discomfort if you breathe too close or in too concentrated form.
In fact, some people are allergic to all perfumes. If you have a tendency to allergy, consult your doctor before you start making a perfume.
Perfumes to make yourself
Before the discovery of synthetic aromas, all perfumes contained essential oils from various parts of plants, and products of animal origin.
Essential oils remain at the base of the whole perfumery, but today a large number of natural oils, especially those of animal origin, are replaced by synthetic products.
There are also many synthetic oils that are pure chemical inventions and do not resemble anything found in nature.
These oils are quite volatile at room temperature. It is therefore very important to well butcher the containers to avoid evaporation.
How to choose essential oils ?
Like all the arts, perfumery combines technique with imagination. Start by choosing several essences that you like to wear, or you appreciate the smell.
Feminine, romantic, elegant and luxurious fragrances are dominated by floral scents. The most common are rose, jasmine, orange blossom.
Exotic fragrances are heavy, soft, pleasantly troubling and frankly sensual. among their components: rose, jasmine, nutmeg and civette of animal origin, sandal and cedar woods, spices such as clove, cinnamon and ginger, and the most penetrating plant fragrance, patchouli.
Sports fragrances are bright and fresh, with green and woody notes that remind the smell of the fried leaves. citrus essences, orange, lemon and bergamote, play an important role.
The best alcohol is wine alcohol, you can use alcohol at 90° or 85° sold in pharmacy, but not the alcohol to burn sold in hardware, because it has an unpleasant smell.
How to dilute the mixture of oils ?
The proportions of essential oils and alcohol may be as follows:
- For perfume, dilute a portion of oils in four parts of alcohol.
- For toilet water, dilute part of essential oils in 6 to 15 parts of alcohol.
- To make cologne water, dilute some essential oils in 20 parts of alcohol.
Attention, some animal fixators are sold only in the form of dyes (diluted to 1 part for 10 parts of alcohol solvent). It is necessary to take into account their lower concentration by mixing your fragrance.
It is in fact only about indications. consider the quality of oil, its degree of tenacity and volatility.
In practice, if you diluent a light floral essence, use less alcohol because delicate floral essence is also very volatile.
It is easier to develop the bouquet by adding solvent than essential oils.
Mixtures and measurements
- Mix essential oils in a clean glass or porcelain container. It is better to use brown glass because the fragrance must be protected from light as heat. Use a dropper to not waste any essential oils or diluent.
- After mixing oils, butt the bottle and let it rest for 24 hours.
- Then cut small strips of 3 mm wide filter paper or white paper, dip a band in the mixture and smell.
- If you are not fully satisfied, it is time to change the mixture.
- But if you like perfume, add alcohol. the first time, add no more diluent than in the above indications. It is always time to add more if the fragrance is too concentrated to your taste.
- Butt the bottle hermetically and let it rest for at least four weeks in a dark and cool place.
Used alone, these perfumes can be unpleasant, but they are so persistent that they make delicate scents lasting and are therefore used as fixators.
Since the earliest times, the most popular animal products are grey amber, intestinal concretion of the cachalot, and glandular secretions of the male chevrotin, civette and beaver (castoréum). At present, these animal species are composed in laboratory.
A few essences
- The rose : warm, very floral, soft and slightly oaky, with peppery notes and a honey taste. She has a narcotic effect.
- Orange blossom : the smell of bitter orange blossom is intensely floral, heavy, hot, rich and durable it is a natural fixator. Its effect is exhilarating. It is used in all kinds of perfumes, from the heavy eastern scents to the lightest cologne waters.
- Jasmin : intensely floral, warm, rich and very powerful odor with rare underlying notes that combine wax, grass, fruit and tea. the effect is capitious and stimulating. experienced smokers say there is no very good fragrance without jasmine.
- Mint : very hot, grassy, a little green, powerful and penetrating that reminds the smell of the crushed plant.
- Patchouli : the essence has a very rich, grassy and aromatic smell, with peppery, oaky and balsamic notes. The effect is hypnotic. It is particularly appreciated in the turkey. It's the strongest smell of plant origin.
- Rose : this fresh and vivifiant scent gives a stimulating head note. the rosemary is at the base of two historical products: hungary water and cologne water.
- Lemon : it is one of the ten most important essential oils. fresh scent, lemony, grassy, strong with a taste of tea
- Sandal wood : soft and woody scent. It has no dominant note but it is one of the best mixers with, the essence of clover, lavender, bergamote, patchouli, vetiver or muscular. is used as a fixator in floral and woody oriental fragrances.
- Juniper berries : fresh and warm smell, rich and evocative of a pine forest. it is distinguished by its dominant balsamic. it combines well with synthetic bouquets the juniper is one of the aromatic plants that date back to the highest antiquity
- Lemon essence : a refreshing element and a dominant note of a large number of perfumes, including lemon cologne water the gasoline is obtained by pressing the bark.
- Bergamote : this clean, fresh, green lemon evocator, is pleasant and soothing. It is a traditional dominant note found in lemon cologne waters.
- Vetiver : soft and woody scent. Vetiver is a grass cultivated in indens. men and women find their hairy smell
- Myrrh and incense: both are aromatic resins. It is a question of myrrh in papyrus dating from the year 2000 before Jesus Christ. these two aromates are among the gifts brought to the child jesus by the kings.
Some perfume ideas
It's a fresh, bright and lemony fragrance suitable for men and women.
Bergamote = 20 drops
Lemon essence = 10 drops
Sandal wood = 5 drops
One tenace perfume for men or women.
Vetiver = 20 drops
Santal wood = 10 drops
Musc = 2 drops
One fresh and modern aroma.
Juniper = 20 drops
Mint = 2 drops
Santal wood = 2 drops.