The essential baking soda
Who does not know or has never heard of baking soda?
If you are a fan of ecological maintenance, this is THE essential product to have at home. It is a non-toxic product with multiple applications.
Some websites even devote a domain name to it as there is so much information to say about this product.
The origin of baking soda
The ancient Egyptians were familiar with the white powder formed by baking soda. On the edges of the brackish waters of many African lakes, they took natron, the first natural deposit found at the bottom of salt water expanses, and of which one of the main components is soda ash.
This powder of sodium bicarbonate, more or less pure, appeared during the evaporation of salt lakes with bicarbonate water. Already at the time, this white powder was used to rub their teeth or purify their homes, to make ointments, for the ritualized hygiene of their bodies, etc.
In 1791, Nicolas Leblanc, a French chemist, artificially created sodium carbonate as we know it today.
In 1846, Austin Church and John Dwight, two New York bakers succeeded in refining the process of obtaining baking soda Thanks to the first method where sodium carbonate was industrially refined, they obtained sodium bicarbonate from Trona . Mixed with milk, this product turned out to be similar to baker's yeast. A revolution for pastry!
In the 1860s, the demand for baking soda became strong. Ernest Solvay set up his first carbonate manufacturing plant, then that of baking soda using a new process that is still used today. It produces sodium carbonate from salt and chalk, but passing through the wet process sodium bicarbonate, which precipitates.
Nowadays, the Leblanc method has been replaced by the Solvay method, which is more ecological and also more economical.
The composition of baking soda
Baking soda (NaHCO3) is a white crystalline powder, also known as sodium bicarbonate.
Baking soda carries the bicarbonate ion HCO3-. The latter is involved in many processes necessary for the balance of nature and our body. It is a pure and ecological substance, which exists in a natural state and which plays a fundamental role in the functioning of our body. Bicarbonate balances the pH (Hydrogen potential) of our body (blood, saliva…), of the oceans… Without the bicarbonate ion, life would be impossible.
The manufacture of baking soda
If the Solvay process (seen above) is used everywhere in the world for the manufacture of baking soda, today, in the United States, baking soda is primarily extracted from natron deposits. It is processed, by heating, cleaning and, finally, mixing with a solution of carbon dioxide in order to obtain baking soda.
In France, two firms (Novacarb and Solvay) produce it in Lorraine. There, the wooded plains are rich in limestone, salt and water, the three essential elements for its production. Limestone is extracted in quarries. Rock salt is recovered by injecting pressurized water (without chemical additives) 200 meters deep, into a layer over 200 million years old, in order to recover sodium chloride brine.
In the factory, the limestone is burned in a lime kiln to recover the carbon dioxide (C02). This is then cleaned and compressed, then injected in gaseous form into the brine, within a tower where it crystallizes the salt into sodium carbonate. It is put back into solution in water, and carbon dioxide is reinjected into it. Crystals are obtained, which are filtered and then dried. The sodium bicarbonate then takes the form of a white powder, more or less fine.
Properties of baking soda
1 - Bicarbonate is one of the so-called “buffer” substances. It is able to stabilize the pH of solutions around 8.1. It is therefore perfect for combating gastric acidity, for combating acid corrosion in pipes, for neutralizing the venom of many insects (mosquitoes for example), for eliminating dirt often made up of fatty acids.
2 - The hardness of your water is an indicator of the level of limestone in the water: it corresponds to its calcium and magnesium content. The more it contains, the “harder” it is. Limestone is nothing but calcium carbonate with the addition of magnesium carbonate. Hard water decreases the detergent properties of detergents and soaps… They must therefore be used in larger quantities! Baking soda, dissolved in water, prevents calcium ions from precipitating into limestone (calcium carbonate), thus preventing the formation of encrusted deposits, thus reducing the consumption of soap and other detergents. Bicarbonate is therefore a very good water softening agent.
3 - Bicarbonate is also a leavening agent. When it is mixed with another acid-prone product (such as milk, vinegar or lemon juice), it reacts by releasing carbon dioxide (CO2) in gaseous form. The same release of CO2 occurs when the bicarbonate is heated to temperatures above 70°C. The gas that is released is trapped by gluten, the elastic protein in wheat flour, increases the volume of the dough and makes cakes and cookies softer, to then escape naturally. Thanks to this property, baking soda can be used to prepare many recipes at home. Manufacturers have also understood this for a long time: production in large quantities of food products (pastries, cakes, biscuits, certain varieties of bread, etc.), but also the manufacture of industrial yeasts and effervescent powders.
4 - Many unpleasant odors are generated by acidic or strongly basic substances. The buffer effect exerted by the bicarbonate rebalances, through a chemical action, either the environment in which the odors develop, or the odors present in the air when it comes to closed places. Baking soda will not mask odors, but will prevent their formation in some cases or neutralize them in others.
5 - Baking soda is soluble in water. Its crystals dissolve before they risk damaging the surfaces it comes into contact with. This characteristic makes it an effective but non-aggressive cleaning agent. Alone or mixed with vinegar, it is an extraordinary cleaning agent.
Characteristics of baking soda
- Mild abrasive - Water soluble
- Slightly soluble in alcohol
- Slightly alkaline flavor
- Does not cause allergies
- Exists naturally in our bodies and on the planet
- Multi-use: kitchen, maintenance, beauty care and body hygiene, for animals, gardening, DIY
Baking soda or sodium bicarbonate ?
Sometimes we talk about baking soda, other times sodium bicarbonate, but then, what's the difference?
In fact, there isn't! These are 2 different names, that's all!
And there are others. Depending on the country and the sectors of use, the designations vary greatly. So if you see the following names, remember that it is baking soda:
- NAHCO3: the chemical formula of baking soda
- Sodium hydrogen carbonate or E 500 ii (so named as a food additive)
- Monosodium hydrogen carbonate
- Sodium hydrogen carbonate
- Sodium hydrogen carbonate (name used mainly in chemistry).
- Baking soda (in English: to bake = to cook).
- Natrii hydrogenocarbonas, Natrum bicabonatum or Natrium bicarbonicum (names used in the medical field, or homeopathy. They also recall the origins with natron)
- "Little cow" in Quebec (allusion to a historic brand that accompanied the pioneers)
- Vichy salt (Quite rare expression today because bicarbonate is the main mineral in Vichy water)
Do not confuse baking soda with
- Caustic soda
Be careful, baking soda really has nothing to do with caustic soda. With the NaOH formula, caustic soda is a very corrosive strong base, and therefore very dangerous. It must therefore be handled with great care.
- Sodium carbonate (also called soda ash)
These crystals are more powerful than baking soda in degreasing and cleaning. It is also a non-toxic product for the environment, however it is not biodegradable. It can be a bit irritating if you have sensitive skin. So handle it with gloves, if necessary. In industry, it is mainly used as a "melt" in the manufacture of glass. Sodium carbonate or soda ash is the big brother of baking soda because it goes into the process of making baking soda. Its chemical formula is Na2CO3. Besides, what is funny, at more than 60° baking soda turns into soda ash, water and carbon dioxide.
Difference between food grade and technical grade
We are often asked the difference between food grade baking soda and technical grade baking soda. Can I use the technical grade one to whiten teeth or aid digestion? Or conversely, can I use the food-grade one as an all-purpose cleaner or natural insecticide?
What is certain is that in both cases, it is indeed the same molecule. The difference lies above all in its purity but also in the size of its grains: from 50 µm (micrometers) to 1 mm: the finer it is, the better it will be assimilated, therefore useful in the kitchen. The coarser it is, the better it will be suitable for maintenance.
Food-grade bicarbonate undergoes more analysis and controls during its manufacture. It is the one that should be used for hygiene, body care or any use that induces food contact (such as washing your fruits and vegetables, neutralizing fridge odors or even to raise your cakes).
As you will have understood, technical grade bicarbonate is a little less pure than food grade one. It also bears this label because often produced on production lines using other substances, such as soda crystals for example, then slipping some impurities into the finished product. But rest assured, technical grade bicarbonate is basically food grade bicarbonate. Its purity approaches 99%. Technical grade baking soda should not be used for personal hygiene or cooking. The risk of toxicity is small, but it does exist. To be reserved for the maintenance of your house, your laundry, your garden, deodorization, etc.
Other grades of baking soda
Apart from food-grade and technical-grade bicarbonate, there are also:
- Officinal bicarbonate (for medical use): It is used to treat digestive disorders. It is found in pharmacies and parapharmacies in small packaging (50 to 100 g sprinkler, 250 g boot). To have this designation, it must be 99.5% pure.
This bicarbonate is also the most expensive since it has been refined by advanced technical processes. Since it is very pure, it can be used for everything but it is better to use it only for medical purposes because the price difference with a food or technical bicarbonate is relatively high.
- Agricultural bicarbonate (or animal feed) : This is intended to regulate acidity in cattle feed. It is as pure as that which is intended for human consumption, but not approved. It is sold in 25 kg bags in agricultural cooperatives. It is given to animals because they have a diet that is too rich in protein (the benefit of which is to make them grow faster). This food acidifies their organism. So, by giving them baking soda, it compensates for this too much acid and helps to rebalance their pH. If you decide to order it, you can only use it for your housekeeping, DIY or gardening sessions.
The different modes of use
1 - baking soda powder
We buy it in this form. It will have to be used by sprinkling it (small quantities to be distributed as evenly as possible).
You will use baking soda in powder form whenever there needs to be a “contact” action. For instance :
– To absorb odors (contact between the grains of bicarbonate and the ambient air)
– To clean the surfaces (it is often advisable to wet the support – sponge or cloth – to allow the baking powder to adhere)
– To fight against allergens on mattresses, rugs, carpets.
– When mixed with other powders: for the preparation of pastries, mixed with flour for example…
2 - Baking soda in solution
Bicarbonate is perfectly soluble in water, so it's very easy. The hotter the water, and the “purer” it will be, the higher the maximum amount of diluted bicarbonate will be.
In theory, in totally pure water at 20°C, you can dilute up to 87 grams of bicarbonate per liter (this is the theoretical solubility limit of bicarbonate).
In practice, our tap water being generally very calcareous, it can no longer be considered as "pure" water strictly speaking, and it is generally distributed between 10 and 15°C, and we can only dissolve 40 or 50g of bicarbonate per liter (about 3 tablespoons). This is more than enough for almost all uses of bicarbonate in solution:
– For all cleaning and soaking applications (e.g. laundry).
– In the bath (bathtub, footbaths…)
– In the kitchen (dilute it in milk, when you use it to clean or cook vegetables…)
3 - Bicarbonate paste
Mix about 3 parts baking soda in 1 part water and you will get a paste. This keeps most of the grains present. But they remain bound together by the "saturated" water, in which a small part of the bicarbonate will have dissolved.
In paste, it is the ideal form to apply the baking soda. For instance :
– On the skin
– On the surfaces to be cleaned without scratching them
– In fact, in every situation where you need to adhere the baking soda to a surface.
4 - Bicarbonate in spray or vaporization
Just dissolve the baking soda in the reservoir of a small, clean (or new) sprayer. For the solubility of bicarbonate, refer to use n°2. You will see spraying can be very convenient:
– For cleaning
– For certain body treatments (on the feet for example)
– For the treatment of your plants and other plants (against powdery mildew for example)
5 - Mix the baking soda with other products…
You will find that by mixing the bicarbonate with the vinegar for example, it will then react by "foaming". Mix it with (olive…) oil, clays, liquid soap…. You will see that the fields of application become multiple!
Applications of baking soda
Abrasive, soft and degreasing, it is perfect for scrubbing, scouring a burnt pan, a sink, polishing metal. Since baking soda is soluble in water (but not in alcohol), its crystals dissolve before they risk damaging surfaces. We can therefore adjust the "softness" of the abrasion thanks to the amount of water used: dry, it is slightly abrasive; the wetter it is, the softer it is. Anti-mould and anti-odour, it is the enemy of fungi and bacteria, which die on contact with this alkaline material.
Baking so neutralizes bad odors in depth (without masking them) unlike most commercial products. Theoretically, the finest bicarbonates are the most absorbent. Anti-scaling, bicarbonate softens water that is too "hard" and thus reduces the consumption of detergents. Likewise, it avoids limescale deposits, in machines, on sanitary facilities and on linen.
We have categorized the apps to get you there faster (clickable links) :
For home maintenance
Baking soda is great for:
- Refresh and deodorize armchairs and sofas, rugs and carpets
- Clean washable surfaces
- Make the silverware shine.
1 - Refreshes and deodorizes sofas, rugs and carpets
Baking soda, thanks to its anti-odor properties, is useful for the maintenance of carpets and rugs.
1) To deodorize fabric sofas, rugs and carpets and revive their colors, you can sprinkle them evenly with baking soda. Let the product act for 15 minutes up to 24 hours in case of persistent odors. Then vacuum.
2) In case of stains, clean with your usual product, then sprinkle with baking soda. Leave on for at least 15 minutes.
CAUTION: Always test on an inconspicuous surface to test color fastness.
2 - Suitable for all types of surfaces
Its ability to attack grease and its mild abrasive power make baking soda an effective product for cleaning surfaces.
1) To clean traces (pencil marks for example) from tiles and washable surfaces, gently rub with a paste of baking soda applied to a sponge (1 part water to 3 parts baking soda). Then rinse and dry.
2) To clean aluminum windows, sprinkle baking soda on a damp sponge and apply it vigorously to the surfaces. Rinse and dry.
3) To create your multi-purpose cleaner: In an empty 1 liter bottle, put 1 tablespoon of baking soda + 1 liter of hot water + 2 teaspoons of white vinegar + a few drops of essential oils from your choice. Mix well and use pure to wash toilets, sinks. 2 caps of this preparation in a bucket of hot water for your tiles.
4) Degrease and clean your oven: Mix a little water + 2 tablespoons of baking soda. Soak a sponge in this preparation and apply to all the surfaces concerned. If the oven door is very dirty, you can also sprinkle baking soda directly on it and then cover with dampened paper towels. Leave to act for about 1/2 hour, remove the towels and wipe with a well-rinsed sponge in clear water.
3 - Restores shine to silverware
The slightly abrasive action of baking soda makes it an effective product for cleaning silverware.
1) To shine silverware, sprinkle baking soda on a linen or cotton cloth moistened with water, then rub gently. Rinse and dry with a soft cloth.
2) To restore the shine to silver jewelry, line the inside walls of a container with aluminum foil, fill it with hot water, add a few tablespoons of baking soda and a tablespoon of rock salt. kitchen per liter of water. Immerse the object in
ns this solution for about an hour. Rinse and dry with a soft cloth.
The effectiveness of this technique is due to the electrochemical reaction between aluminum and silver salts. These are reconverted into metallic silver while the aluminum reacts by forming
salts (aluminum is oxidized).
3) For a more thorough cleaning, you can use a paste of baking soda (1 volume of water for 3 volumes of product) to apply to a fabric or to rub directly on the surfaces with a circular motion (helping you to 'a small brush, able to penetrate to
background in the reliefs of the decorations) until the disappearance of the oxidation stains. Then rinse and dry.
CAUTION: It is sometimes recommended to avoid this technique to clean old objects insofar as they can become uniformly shiny afterwards. Some of these marks of time may constitute part of their value. It is always better to familiarize yourself with this method on an invisible part of the object to test the resistance of the silver layer and evaluate the result obtained.
4 - Effective in eliminating odors in :
Baking soda is excellent for eliminating unpleasant odors in cupboards, in all containers and in all enclosed spaces (shoe cabinets, kitchen cupboards, etc.). Simply open a box or pour into a saucer the equivalent of 1/2 cup of product (150 g), to be replaced every 3 months. In addition to absorbing odors, it absorbs humidity and creates an unfavorable environment for the development of mold.
To prevent the diffusion of tobacco odors from cigarettes and cigars, pour a layer of baking soda at the bottom of the ashtray. To be replaced each time you empty the ashtray.
c- In your living rooms
To create your own indoor air freshener using baking soda, you can do the following:
In a spray bottle, pour 1/2 liter of lukewarm water then add 1 teaspoon of baking soda. Dilute. Then, add 1 teaspoon of lemon juice. To further flavor the preparation, add 4 to 5 drops of essential oils of your choice (lemon, lavender, eucalyptus, etc.) to replace the lemon juice. Shake again and spray to sanitize your interior.
5 - Benevolent towards pets :
a- It absorbs litter odors
1) To avoid the development of bad odors from the litter of cats, small rodents and birds, sprinkle a layer of baking soda on the bottom of the cage or tray before pouring the litter.
2) In the same way, to reduce bad smells, it is possible to pour a handful from time to time over the litter, which can then be kept longer.
3) To neutralize the plastic smell of new utensils, you can wash them with a solution of baking soda (3 tablespoons to 1 liter of water).
b- It is ideal for the toilet of our 4-legged friends
Thanks to its ability to neutralize odors, and the fact that it is not irritating to the skin, baking soda is effective for dog grooming.
1) To make your dog's coat soft and shiny, add baking soda to his bath water (3 tablespoons per liter of water).
2) Or proceed with a dry wash: sprinkle the dog's hair with baking soda. Rub and brush well to remove grains.
3) To freshen the basket covers, add baking soda (50g) to the laundry by hand, or in the washing machine during the wash cycle. It can also be added during the rinse cycle.
c- He cleans the toys of small animals
1) To wash plastic toys, simply immerse them in a solution of two tablespoons (50 g) of baking soda in 1 liter of water. Then rub them with a sponge and rinse them under running water.
2) For fabric toys, sprinkle them with baking soda. Leave on for at least two hours, then brush to remove the product.
6 - It is an ally of the laundry
Baking soda, with its ability to optimize water pH, increases laundry efficiency when added to the wash cycle. It has in fact been established that increasing the pH of the washing bath increases the repulsion between the fibers and the dirt, which favors the removal of impurities. In addition, added to the rinse cycle, it neutralizes and eliminates bad odors, and prevents the deposit of limescale in the fabrics. Its delicacy and softness make it the ideal solution for all linens, underwear and sheets, and in particular those of small children who are prone to persistent odor problems.
a- Increases the effectiveness of liquid detergent
For an enhanced cleaning effect, add a tablespoon (25g) of baking soda to the wash or prewash cycle. To save detergent and make your laundry softer, you can also halve your dose of detergent and replace it with baking soda.
b- To remove odors from towels
To effectively remove chlorine odors from napkins and hand towels, add 2 tablespoons of baking soda (50 g) to the hand wash powder or during the wash cycle in the washing machine. It is also effective when added to the rinse cycle water.
c- Neutralizes persistent odors
1) To effectively neutralize unpleasant odors from fabrics and underwear, add one tablespoon (25g) of baking soda to the rinse cycle. It is ideal for washing sports equipment after intense physical activity or for washing nappies and sheets for newborns.
2) To neutralize odors in the laundry basket, sprinkle the clothes as they accumulate, then proceed with the usual washing without removing the product before putting them in the machine.
CAUTION: Do not use for wool and silk
d- Prevents the formation of tartar
Instructions for use: To prevent the formation of scale in the washing machine, proceed regularly (once a month) to a vacuum wash with ½ cup (150 g) of baking soda.
7 - Removes scale from toilets
To remove scale from porcelain faucets and sanitary ware, rub them with a paste made from 3 parts baking soda and 1 part hot water, using a cloth or brush to remove the the most stubborn traces (the addition of lemon or vinegar can further improve the result).
8 - Sanitizes the shower tray
Baking soda creates an unfavorable environment for mold growth.
1) To wash the shower stall door, wipe it with a damp sponge sprinkled with baking soda. Rinse and dry.
2) To eliminate traces of mold on the anti-slip mat, sprinkle with baking soda, leave to act for a few minutes. Rub with a sponge, rinse then dry.
3) To wash and deodorize the shower curtain, rub it with a damp sponge sprinkled with baking soda. Rinse then dry.
4) Or put it in the machine by adding 3 tablespoons (75 g) of baking soda to the wash cycle (choose the “delicate wash” cycle).
9 - A bathtub with enhanced hygiene
Instructions: To clean the bathtub (even fiberglass), sprinkle it liberally with baking soda. Then rub the surfaces with a damp soft sponge. Rinse and dry with a tissue.
10 - Effective against sanitary odors
Instructions for use: To deodorize and avoid lingering odors in sinks, bathtubs, shower trays, pour ½ cup of baking soda into the siphon. Run hot water through it.
For health and well-being
1 - A relaxing bath
In warm bath water, baking soda leaves the pleasant feeling of smooth and supple skin. You will also experience a delicious feeling of lightness and well-being.
Directions: Dilute ½ cup (150 g) of baking soda in a tub of hot water at 37-40°C.
2 - An emollient foot bath
Diluted in the water of the foot bath, baking soda brings a feeling of well-being to the feet and legs. In addition, rubbing the calluses with a paste made of moistened baking soda promotes the removal of dead cells and makes the skin more supple.
Instructions for use: Dilute 2 tablespoons (50 g) in the hot water of the foot bath.
3 - Oral hygiene
The food residues that settle between the teeth, as they break down, release acids that attack the enamel and promote the appearance of cavities. As a buffer substance, baking soda neutralizes these acids. Used as a mouthwash (mouthwash), it freshens the breath by eliminating unpleasant odors that have acid (garlic, onion) or strongly basic (fish) origins. Thanks to its delicately abrasive action, it can also be used to whiten teeth, gradually eliminating stains caused by cigarettes and coffee.
1) For mouthwashes: dilute 1 teaspoon (5 g) of baking soda in a glass of water.
2) To whiten teeth: baking soda is an abrasive that restores the enamel to its full shine. Just sprinkle it on your toothbrush, possibly add a little lemon juice and brush your teeth normally. But be careful not to renew too often to preserve the enamel. Dampen your toothbrush, sprinkle some baking soda on it and brush your teeth as you would with regular toothpaste.
4 - Cleaning toothbrushes and dentures
1) To clean the dentures, immerse them for 30 minutes in a glass of water in which you have added, in addition to your usual cleaning product for the dentures, a tablespoon (25 g) of baking soda. Then rinse well with running water.
2) To clean the bristles of the toothbrushes: let them soak overnight in a glass of hot water in which you have added a tablespoon (25 g) of baking soda.
5 - A manicure aid
Baking soda can be used for hand care, as it helps to maintain supple skin, and it can also be useful for nail hygiene.
Directions: For soft hands, dilute 2 tablespoons (50 g) of baking soda in 1 liter of lukewarm water and immerse your hands for 10 minutes. Then proceed to the manicure.
6 - A deodorant for shoes
Instructions: To deodorize, sprinkle baking soda inside the shoes (avoid doing it directly on the leather, which could dry out). Leave it on overnight before removing it. In addition to fighting odors, it makes the inside of shoes less conducive to the development of certain microscopic fungi and molds.
7 - A delicate peel
Baking soda, in the form of a paste soaked in water, can be safely used to remove impurities and dead skin cells from the face.
Instructions: After washing the face with your usual soap, apply a paste made of 3 parts baking soda and 1 part water. Massage gently, without pressing too much, in small circular movements. Then rinse gently with water.
8 - Supple and shinier hair
Instructions for use: To make the hair silkier and more easily remove product residues that adhere to it (hairspray, gel, etc.), add once a week 1 teaspoon (5 g) of baking soda to the shampoo usual. Massage and rinse, then apply the balm.
9 - Cleaning hairbrushes and combs
Instructions: To clean the combs and brushes, immerse them in a container full of hot water in which you have dissolved a few spoons of baking soda. Leave on for a few hours then rinse.
10 - To help digestion
Baking soda is a natural neutralizer. It is defined as “a buffer substance”, capable of maintaining the pH of solutions at 8; it can thus neutralize the acidity attacking your stomach and thus relieve heartburn. If you have trouble digesting after a heavy meal, drink a glass of water in which you have diluted a teaspoon of baking soda.
In the kitchen
1 - Removes impurities from fruits and vegetables
To remove impurities, waxes and other possible residues, do not forget to wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly with water containing baking soda before consuming them.
1) To clean leafy vegetables (salads, endives, spinach, etc.) or fruits with delicate skins (strawberries, cherries, grapes, etc.), soak them for about ten minutes in a solution consisting of one tablespoon (25 g) of baking soda per liter of water. Then rinse thoroughly with running water.
2) To wash other types of vegetables without leaves (tomatoes, fennel, zucchini...) or fruits with resistant skins (peaches, apricots, etc...), it is possible to use baking soda under form of paste (1 volume of water for 3 volumes of powder). In this case, rub the surface of the fruit directly with a small sponge or with your hands. Then rinse under running water.
2 - Ideal for pre-washing pots and pans
The delicately abrasive action and softening properties of baking soda make it a valuable ally in the kitchen. Pans and dishes regain their shine and lose their bad smells.
1) To effortlessly remove encrusted deposits, sprinkle baking soda directly on the dirtiest surfaces, and add hot water. Leave on for at least 15 minutes, then cleanse and rinse.
2) For the most resistant deposits, rub with a damp sponge sprinkled with baking soda. Wash and rinse.
3) You can also fill the dish or pan with water and 2 tablespoons of baking soda and bring the solution to a boil for 5 minutes. Leave to cool and remove the cooking residue with the help of a wooden spoon or a sponge. Then wash and rinse.
3 - Makes the sink shine without scratching it
Baking soda crystals, unlike other powders found in some cleaning products, are soluble and therefore not hard enough to scratch delicate surfaces. The cleaning of the sink can thus be carried out every day.
Directions: To shine enamel or stainless steel sinks, rub the surfaces with a paste made from 3 parts baking soda and 1 part water, applied to a sponge. Rinse, sponge and dry. To avoid odors under the sink, put a jar of baking soda in it open, to be changed every 3 months.
4 - Effective in deodorizing dishes, dishes and cutting boards
Added baking soda to the usual dishwashing product, it makes it more effective while eliminating any residual odors. By combining with the residues of acidic and basic substances that generate bad odors, baking soda is able to neutralize them.
Directions: To remove food residue and neutralize odors, add the equivalent of two tablespoons (50 g) of baking soda to the wash water. Or use it as a paste on a sponge (1 part water to 3 parts baking soda by rubbing the dishes or cutting board.
5 - Thoroughly cleans the hob and all surfaces of the kitchen and domestic equipment
1) To remove all traces of food and grease encrusted in the hob or neutralize garlic and onion odors, simply sprinkle baking soda on a damp sponge. Scrub then rinse with water.
2) To clean the oven, the microwave, the barbecue grills and the exterior walls of domestic equipment, use a solution of water and baking soda (the equivalent of 2 tablespoons – i.e. 50 g) to pass over the surfaces. The oven cleans even better when it is still warm.
3) If stubborn odors remain in the oven or microwave, you can leave a box or a cup of baking soda open to remove before the next cooking.
6 - Cleans the fridge or freezer
1) To clean and deodorize the inside of the refrigerator or freezer, use a solution of 2 tablespoons of baking soda (50 g) per liter of water to pass over the walls with a sponge. Rinse then dry.
2) It is also possible to soak the plastic parts in a baking soda solution for half an hour.
3) To remove stains or traces of mold from the fridge or freezer, you can also use a paste (3 parts product to one part water) or sprinkle a damp sponge with baking soda.
7 - Cleans glass and plastic containers
1) To clean containers that have held oil and vinegar, insert
in a small amount of baking soda, shake well to allow the product to absorb well. Then wash off.
2) To clean plastic containers, baking soda can be used in the form of a paste (1 part water for 3 parts product) to be applied with a sponge or cloth. Wash and rinse.
8 - Prevents the formation of odors and neutralizes them
a- In the fridge and freezer
A large part of the unpleasant odors present in refrigerators and freezers arise either from acidic substances, such as milk, or from basic substances, such as fish. The baking soda combines with the molecules of these foods present in the air, and neutralizes them.
Directions: To neutralize odors, simply put an open can (or corresponding container) of baking soda in the fridge or freezer. The important thing is to ensure a sufficient contact surface with the air. The reappearance of odors can sometimes be explained because the product has exhausted its absorption properties. In this case, it will have to be changed more frequently.
b- In the dishwasher
Directions: To avoid bad smells, sprinkle a large amount of baking soda directly on dirty dishes and activate the pre-wash cycle. To increase the performance of your usual product, simply add 2 tablespoons (50 g) of baking soda during the wash cycle. To deodorize and degrease the dishwasher, periodically add baking soda (100 g once a month) to v
ide during the rinsing phase, which guarantees good maintenance of the appliance. To complete the operation, do not neglect the cleaning of the filter (every 15 days), for which baking soda can also help you.
c- In the garbage bag
Baking soda is also able to neutralize bad odors in the trash.
1) Sprinkle it in the bottom of the bin before placing the plastic bag.
2) Pour some directly into the bag as it fills with trash.
9 - It is a valuable ally for cooking food
During cooking: add ½ teaspoon of baking soda per liter of water before cooking the vegetables.
a- Useful for cooking vegetables
1 teaspoon (5 g) of baking soda added to the cooking water for the vegetables allows: 8
- to preserve the colors
- to avoid the unpleasant odors of certain vegetables which are dispersed in the house (cauliflower...)
- remove the bitter taste of turnips
- to tenderize the cabbage and prevent it from going soft
b- Neutralizes the acidity of tomato sauce
How to use: To make the sauce less acidic, it can be used instead of sugar. Just add the tip of a teaspoon of baking soda while cooking. This can be useful for ready-made sauces (but these are often already processed) as well as for homemade preserves.
c- Tenderizes the meat
Directions: To make boiled meat more tender add ½ tablespoon of baking soda per liter of water at the start of cooking.
d- Eliminates the strong taste of game
Baking soda is useful for preserving and preparing game, as it reduces the strong taste of certain meats.
1) When meat is left to season, sprinkle game cavities with baking soda to reduce odors. When the meat is veneered, it can either be stored in the freezer or cooked (after being rinsed dry).
2) Before cooking: if the meat, after aging, has not been sprinkled with baking soda, it can be soaked in water with baking soda (overnight in the refrigerator). Before cooking it, it is good to drain it and dab it with a clean cloth.
d- Promotes the rising of the dough
Baking soda is well known for helping pastries and pastries rise, while making them moist and flavorful. Indeed, baking soda has a leavening action, so you can substitute it for yeast (1/2 teaspoon for a cake). A leaven. If mixed with a product with acid characteristics, such as milk, vinegar, lemon juice, or heated to a temperature of at least 70°, the bicarbonate undergoes transformations, generating carbon dioxide, CO2, which is in turn absorbed by gluten. If you use it in the preparation of your pies and desserts, you will increase the volume.
CAUTION: Baking soda cannot replace baker's yeast.
It is possible to prepare your own yeast at home by mixing the following ingredients:
1) ½ teaspoon baking soda and ½ teaspoon cream of tartar.
2) or ½ teaspoon of baking soda with 125 g of yogurt.
3) or ½ teaspoon of baking soda with ½ teaspoon of vinegar or lemon juice and 100 g of milk.
e- A pinch of baking soda is also useful for:
- obtain softer omelettes (a large pinch for 3 eggs)
- lighten the puree (add when stirring)
- avoid the crystallization of syrups
10 - Ingredient of choice for preparation of unaltering drinks
Direction of employment :
(1) To get a more limpid tea, add a pinch of soda bicarbonate at the time of infusion.
(2) To prepare a sparkling and not too acidic drink, add 1⁄2 teaspoon of baking soda to a glass of orange juice, grapefruit or lemon.
For the garden
1 - Extend the life of a bouquet of flowers,
Instructions for use: mix a coffee spoon of bicarbonate in the water, change the mixture every 2 days.
2 - Degreasing and cleaning the barbecue
The soda bicarbonate, thanks to its delicately abrasive power, is able to eliminate the food residues of the barbecue without scratching the plates or grids.
Direction of employment : To remove food residues and burnt greases from plates and grids or eliminate residual odors, rub with a baking dough of soda (1 volume of water and 3 volumes of powder) on a sponge or on a brush with hard hair in case of tenacious deposits. Then rinse and dry.
3 - Clean garden furniture
Direction of employment : To remove the deposits and tasks of plastic garden furniture (seats, table...), clean them with hot water, added with soda bicarbonate (2 tablespoons (50 g) per litre of water). Rub, then rinse. To avoid the smell of mould and enclosed during storage during the bad season, sprinkle the cushions and inside the soda bicarbonate crate.
4 - Good weeding
Soda bicarbonate can also be a precious ally in the maintenance of the garden. Sprinkle between the stones or slabs of the way, the terrace or the patio, it slows down the regrowth of unwanted herbs. And it is an ally against certain parasites.
Direction of employment : To discourage plant parasites, mix 1 teaspoon (5 g) of soda bicarbonate and 3 tablespoons of olive oil. Pour two teaspoons of this mixture into a cup of water (equivalent to 0.3 litres) and moisten the plants with a vaporizer by avoiding putting them directly on the flowers. Repeat the operation every 20 days.
5 - Natural Insecticide
Spray to the necessary places: 20 cl of water + 1 teaspoon of bicarbonate + 3 olive oil.
6 - Plant and garden care
If your garden needs a little boost, try either of these tricks. Before using your sprayer, add 1 teaspoon of soda bicarbonate for 4 litres. He has excellent fungicide action. Soda bicarbonate will help you test the acidity of the soil in your garden. Remove the value of a cup of earth and put it in a bowl. Add 2 cups of water and mix with 1⁄2 cup of soda bicarbonate. The amount of bubbles will indicate acidity. If you discover that your soil is too acidic, you can significantly reduce this acidity with soda bicarbonate to have a more beautiful garden. Enter a bunch of soda bicarbonate. Tests will be required before finding the right proportion to the soil surface. Once you find the solution, you will be impressed by the results: less weeds, more numerous and more beautiful flowers, more beautiful vegetables...
Check acidity after one month using the above method.
ATTENTION TO SURDOSE: You might find yourself with too alkaline soil.
7 - Black spots, brown spots or other fungal diseases?
Soda bicarbonate applied on the leaves makes them less acidic. This limits the development of mushroom spores. This treatment is suitable for vegetable gardens, fruit trees, or flowers.
Instructions for use: Mix 5 coffee tablespoons of soda bicarbonate for 4 litres of water. Add a litre of Marseille liquid soap for overbrush action and spray on affected plants. You can also use this mixture for soil, but as indicated above, check first if your soil is acidic. This method should remove most fungal problems. For better results, sprinkle plants generously two days before spraying. Spray a little concentrated mixture of soda bicarbonate around your tomato plants. This removes the pests and reduces the acidity of your planting. Build a barrier against pests. Trace a continuous line of soda bicarbonate around the plants.
8 - Clean your Jacuzzi
Use soda bicarbonate to clean your jacuzzi. Fill a hot water bucket with 1 glass of baking soda for 4 litres. With a fringe broom, clean the inside of the jacuzzi to keep it clean.
For the car
- it eliminates stains and dirt
- it deodorizes the inside of the car
- He's cleaning the bodywork.
The bicarbonate of soda, thanks to its delicately abrasive power, is able to eliminate the very tenacious traces such as mud, resin, fats of the surface of lighthouses, rims, windows, bumpers and bodywork and without scratching them.
How to use: to remove the most resistant traces and spots, rub with a baking soda on a wet sponge (1 volume of water for 3 volumes of powder). Rinse and wipe with a soft cloth.
1 - deodorizes the passenger compartment
How to use: to deodorize seats and carpet, sprinkle them evenly with soda bicarbonate. Allow for at least 15 min, longer in case of persistent odors. then suck with the vacuum cleaner. the result will be even better if you brush after sprinkling, to penetrate the soda bicarbonate grains into the fibres. to remove stains from the seats in fabric and fabric, follow the manufacturer's advice. to complete your cleaning, sprinkle the surface with soda bicarbonate. then let act at least 15 min before you pass the vacuum cleaner.
ATTENTION: Always do a preliminary test on a hidden surface to test the color resistance to eliminate the smell left by cigars and cigarettes, pour soda bicarbonate into the bottom of your car’s ashtray, and renew the operation every time you do it
empty. you can also clean it with a wet sponge sprinkled with soda bicarbonate. Rinse and wipe.
For the campsite
1 - elimins the smells of the tent and sleeping bag
Use: to avoid the development of moulds and the smell of moisture on the sleeping bag and the tent, sprinkle them with soda bicarbonate before storing them in the trunk. It is also possible to do so before using them to eliminate odours due to the storage period: sprinkle with soda bicarbonate, let act at least one day then shake or aspire before using them.
2 - cleans the bags, containers and ice-creams of the picnic
1) to clean and neutralize the odors of the insulated bag and ice tray, soak them in a solution of hot water and soda bicarbonate (2 tablespoons – 50 g – per litre of water).
2) to remove stains, food residues and mold traces, you can also use it as a paste (3 volumes of powder for 1 volume of water).
The conservation of soda bicarbonate
Soda bicarbonate can be kept as long as you want. It is a product that has no expiry date.
But so that your bicarbonate can hold so long, I advise you to put it in a box or in a hermetic plastic bag. You can keep it for several years. Avoid keeping it in its original packaging if it is kraft paper. When you use it, make sure to close your box or bag properly after use and not store it in a too wet atmosphere.
If it is not locked in a hermetic packaging, it may absorb all odours and humidity. bicarbonate will become unusable.
Trick to know if the bicarbonate you own is still good:
Pour 1 pinch of bicarbonate into a glass and add a few drops of vinegar or lemon juice. If an effervescence is created, it's still good. If this is not the case, your bicarbonate is no longer very operational !