Diatomaceous earth or silicon dioxide
Origin and provenance of the diatomaceous earth
Diatoms or bacillariophycées are fossilized microscopic algae of marine organisms that have the particularity of possessing a silicon skeleton also called "frustula". They can measure from a few micrometers to more than 500 micrometers.
Each type of diatom has a unique series of holes, visible through a very powerful electronic microscope.
Diatoms can develop everywhere where they find a minimum of light and humidity: fresh water, brine and marine, but also in the ground and in the air.
Dead diatom shell deposits found in the ground, are more known as " diatomaceous earth ".
Attention, there are in the trade 2 types of diatomaceous earth :
1 - the diatomaceous earth not calibrated (silice amorph) as the one we market and has not undergone any changes
2 - the diatomaceous earth calibrated at 900°C (silice crystallized), which is mainly marketed for filtration and is very irritating. it also loses its active principles (silica).
The color of diatomaceous earth
Diatomaceous earth colours can be variable in the market. In fact, everything depends on the place of extraction. but whether grey, beige or white, the earth of diatoma is just as effective and natural! some will prefer to use white indoors (for its bright and clean side) for their pets, and grey outdoors and other animals, but the properties of these are identical and the color does not constitute a particular quality index. the marine environment, lakes or rivers, geological events or types of diatom species present at the time will influence the formation of rock types... and thus their colors.
Main uses of diatomaceous earth
The diatomaceous earth calcinated is mainly used in the industry for filtration due to its high porosity (e.g., wine or beer) polishing or as absorbing liquids (diatomate soil does not form mud after liquid absorption).
But its use is not limited to this. You will see it, it can be of real help at home, in different cases of figure. The one that interests us particularly is its undeniable action on creeping insects.
Diatomaceous earth, a natural insecticide
Diatomaceous earth is an inert and free from known harmful substances. after grinding, it has the appearance of talc powder. The diatomaceous earth, thanks to the specific surface of its grains and its silica skeleton have several very interesting properties:Great power of absorption: up to 15% of its water weight.
Ingestion of silica particles by insects causes lesions of their digestive tube.
The finesse and hardness of the silica particles amassed by the insect's silks cause lesions on its limbs or on its shell (walking on diatoms is equivalent to walking on broken glass!). This results in the insect a loss of body fluids that leads to its death by dehydration after a few days. the absorbent properties of the diatomaceous earth favoring this process.
Fully inert, it allows for long-term protection of treated places, both inside and outside.
Currently diatomaceous earth is probably the safest and most effective insecticide in the house.
A way to combat creeping insects
Diatomaceous earth (or kieselguhr in German) is a totally ecological insecticide (used in organic farming) and natural that allows to fight insects and mainly creeping insects as cockroach, silver fish, ant, bed bug, flea, cloporte, ptine, scutigere, beetles, earrings,...
The kieselguhr is available on our site under the name "diatomaceous earth – kieselguhr - insecticidal creeper. ".
Unlike a classic insecticide with which the insect quickly dies by the neurotoxic action of the product, it can take several days with the diatomy. on the other hand, if insecticides have limited efficiency in time due to their degradation, the diatomaceous earth allows for the protection of treated places over the long term. Only moisture or dust can limit its action. diatoma is therefore excellent in indoor use. Its use will remain more limited outside (for example, in a vegetable garden) due to daily rains or dews.
But caution, the diatomaceous earth is not selective. It can therefore kill both insect pests and more useful ones (e.g. garden lining). She will not make any distinction.
Use and use of diatomaceous earth land against insects in the house
A house, in the basements, in the attic, it is enough to place a small amount of powder in the insect passage areas: behind the cupboards, in the cracks, under the bathtub, behind the folds, the doors, in the corners, slits, shrimps, ...
You can also sprinkle the sleeping places of your pets (leave 48 hours and brush), their litter and their niche to prevent external parasites.
On the terrace, in the courtyard, in the garden shelters: spread the powder along the walls, on the places of passage and in the hiding places of the insects, away from the humidity.
Duration of action: the application is to be renewed after dispersion of widespread powder or if it has taken moisture.
Baits, such as powdered sugar, can be added to promote ingestion by insects.
For flat plants, spray can be treated with a solution of 5 g diluted powder in 1 litre of water.
Usage precautions: silica amorphe sio2
Attention: Although the diatomaceous earth non-calciated is composed of amorphous and non-crylic silica, here are some recommendations to follow:
1 - It contains on average 1% of crystalline diatomite so it is advisable to handle it with precautions avoiding inhaling its dust: wearing a recommended mask (possible irritation of the respiratory tract if ingestion is important)
2 - In case of contact with the eyes, rinse them abundantly, consult a doctor if irritation persists.
3 - This earth of diatomy has a drying power that can irritate the skin wearing gloves is therefore recommended
4 - Store your diatomed earth away from moisture in a dry place and out of the reach of children.
Crawling anti-insect powder - amorphous diatomaceous earth thistom
Our diatomaceous earth comes from the marine quarries of Europe richest in silica (90)% which represents 20% of the world’s resources. the cetom grades of which it is composed are the purest and most regular of the market. it is a naturally pure diatoma land. Its light beige color differs very clearly from the very dark colors (presence of impurities) of the datomicidal lands mainly from inde or China. no treatment or addition. ecologically effective natural product, to be used in breeding grounds, granaries, gardens and houses.
Our organic penn'ty diatomaceous earth is present on our site in 4 packagings:
- the 150 g bidon (about 500 ml) comes with a powder cap.
- the 300 g bidon (about 1 litre) comes with a cork.
- the 1 kg bucket (about 3 litres) is delivered as a rechargeable or usable in a powder.
- the 2 kg bucket (approximately 5 litres) is delivered as a refill or usable in a powder.
We also resold the diatomaceous earth of the brand Kapo Green, formulated as aerosol. this innovation based on product propulsion thanks to the gas it contains allows to inject the powder into the deepest of the interstices and cracks of the housing. a real help in the fight against insects when you know how difficult it is sometimes to reach some cachets.
Other possible uses of diatomaceous earth
This diatomaceous earth can also be very effective as maintenance product. this powder having the property of being able to absorb up to 150% of its water weight (which makes it a much more absorbent soil than the soil of summer,) it will be ideal to absorb moisture or any liquid (animal litters, spots on tissues, urines, etc.). its absorption capabilities will allow it to eliminate certain odors. With a very fine and abrasive structure, it will also be useful to make shine without scratching copper, inox or silverware (with a microfibre cloth impregnated with vinegar and diatomaceous earth, the object to be polished, the result is fast and perfect!).
You can also use it to make disappear the bad smells of your shoes !just sprinkle a little of this powder inside your shoes. As a general rule, diatomaceous earth is effective for all bad odors, such as those of your trash or your fridge, just put a small cup close to the area to be treated.
Still little known in france but widespread in the United States or in angleterre, it also serves many gardeners. She is usable in organic farming. Many use it in the garden against caterpillars, slugs, aphids, buis pyrals and many other insects. Be careful, however, because this earth acting by mechanical action, it will not make the difference with the cocinels and other auxiliaries of your garden. has you to properly target areas to sprinkle in order to eradicate the affected insects and not the entire ecosystem.
The diatomaceous earth distributes in a homogeneous and lateral manner the nutrients it contains to the crops by promoting capillarity. its structure facilitates the aeration of the roots. with a ph of 5,6, the diatomaceous earth is an excellent growth medium for plants, it can be used as addendum or amendment for these, the many trace elements that it contains naturally (boron, calcium, iron, manganese, copper, sodium) will contribute to their good growth.
Other information, this land is only effective when it is completely dry. morning dew or rain will stop its action against insects. it will regain all its properties once again dry.
Frequently asked questions on the diatomaceous earth
Q: Hello, is this product usable in a children's room? behind the furniture, bed, closets??
or does he have a dangerous smell for children?
R: Diatoma is a completely inert product. However, it will be difficult not to inhale or inhale. this very fine powder that can be similar to talc can become irritating.
It must have in mind that it acts on insects coming into contact by injuring their body envelope and digestive tube by ingestion (sicle particles). any proportion kept, the risk in a human being is much more limited. these large quantities should be swallowed over extended periods. It is also recommended as a food supplement for animals. The idea is to place it in all corners or furniture. It will be avoided to put on all surfaces and the non-circulated surfaces will be preferred to avoid sticking under the shoes. But the more it will be, the more you will increase your chances of touching insects. This may seem logical but it will also be avoided to place on the top of the bed and to sleep on the earth of diatomy. this product has yet to smell.
Q: Hello, I want to know if I can put diatoma on food products. cordially.
R: The diatomaceous earth we market is the cetom grade mn51. it also carries the grade afa mn51.
- one is for natural insecticide use (MN51) : kills insects and slugs by dehydration by damaging their skeletons by absorption of protective waxes. is used in gardens, houses, vegetable gardens, barns, stables, livestock boxes. use also in dry shampoo by sprinkling on the coat of animals to control chips and ticks. dosage 100%
- the other (AFA MN 51) can be used for feed animal grade food codex. recognized as technical additive e551c. naturally contains many nutrients such as iron, calcium, magnesium beneficial to animal health. embellishes the coat and improves the condition of the sabots. reduces overall animal stress , dosage 2.%.
Many of our customers use it without problems in the chicken nest boxes, especially against the red poultry.
Q: i have ordered in your home the land of diatomy and insecticide 4j to end up having bed bugs because it's hard psychologically and i wanted to know how well used them especially the earth of diatomy it has to put one can see very very can one can anywhere or one can many etc.
R: There is no need to use large quantities of diatomy earth. a thin film is sufficient (2 to 3 mm). I advise you to place it under the bed, at the foot of the bed, under the furniture and all other uncirculated places. This will prevent you from putting under your shoes and carrying it everywhere.
The principle is that the insect passing on this earth sticks to the body and swallows. So there is no need to put 1 cm of thickness.
Diatoma remains a complementary product to the treatment against the bug. It is really important to treat bed bugs with an insecticide like the one you bought and only after using the datomicidal earth.
Q: Hello, you write that the datomicidal earth is effective against the chips but also that you should avoid breathing it or having contact with the eyes. Is it possible, in your opinion, to put it at risk on the ground or even in the baskets of cats and dogs to avoid chips while they may breathe it or rub their heads on the ground? otherwise, how to use it to be effective but safe for domestic animals ?
R: Diatoma is to be applied on soils, preferably on non-circulated surfaces (in order not to put under the shoes). It acts mainly on all creeping insects because it hurts and dehydrates the insect as soon as it passes (the chip is not the target insect n°1 with this product). you can also apply it to an animal to remove chips. attention to the application on a cat that is a much more sensitive animal. it is applied as dry shampoo at the base of hair. a fine comb must then be passed on the animal to remove diatomy particles (and dead chips). diatoma is a very fine powder that can be similar to talc. This is silica particles. It can therefore be irritating by too strong inhalation or repeated contact. We are obliged to indicate the risk phrases that accompany the product, for regulatory reasons. but you don't have to disperse in the ambient air during the application. it is enough to gently spread it to the ground, so no particle may remain suspended in the ambient air.
Q: I bought some diatomy earth to put it behind furniture and in the closets to get rid of antihrene. Before making use of it, I wanted to know if we could eliminate it, with a vacuum cleaner or is it likely to spread into the air (the vacuum cleaner filter may not stop this very fine powder). In that case, what do you advise me ?
R: The earth of diatomy can breathe without difficulty with a vacuum cleaner. If your device and filter are in good condition, it must not be a problem.